BACKGROUND: Substantial changes in both representation and function of T lymphocyte subsets have been reported with advancing age. However, till now, no systematic studies focused on age-dependent changes in the expression intensity of the major T lymphocyte surface receptors. OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken in order to establish age-related differences in lymphocyte subpopulations by simultaneously measuring three surface antigens in young and elderly people. METHOD: Peripheral blood T cell subsets from 20 healthy elderly individuals and 15 healthy young adult donors were examined by means of a quantitative three-color flow cytometry method. RESULTS: Activated (HLA-DR+) and memory (CD45RO+) T cells, CD3+CD7- T lymphocytes, and cells expressing natural killer (NK) markers (CD3-CD56+ NK cells and CD3+CD56+ T lymphocytes) were expanded, whereas T lymphocytes expressing the adhesion molecule CD62L were lower in elderly compared with young donors. In addition to alterations in the percentages of T cell subsets during senescence, several changes in the intensity expression of T cell antigens were also detected. CD3 antigen expression was downregulated on total T lymphocytes as well as on the memory T cell subset, while CD56+ T cells exhibited increased CD3 levels. Moreover, CD2 expression, unchanged on NK cells, was upregulated on T lymphocytes from elderly subjects. CD3+CD7- T cells exhibited increased expression of CD8 antigen, while the intensity expression of HLA-DR on activated T cells and CD7 on both T and NK lymphocytes was decreased. T cells from elderly subjects also exhibited higher expression of CD50 and CD62L adhesion molecules as compared with young ones. CONCLUSION: These T cell antigen expression modulations during senescence, in addition to the alteration in the frequency of the various T lymphocyte subsets, could contribute to the complex remodeling of the immune function characteristic of the elderly.

Immunophenotypical changes of T lymphocytes in the elderly

GINALDI, Lia;DE MARTINIS, MASSIMO MARIA MARCELLO;
2000

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Substantial changes in both representation and function of T lymphocyte subsets have been reported with advancing age. However, till now, no systematic studies focused on age-dependent changes in the expression intensity of the major T lymphocyte surface receptors. OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken in order to establish age-related differences in lymphocyte subpopulations by simultaneously measuring three surface antigens in young and elderly people. METHOD: Peripheral blood T cell subsets from 20 healthy elderly individuals and 15 healthy young adult donors were examined by means of a quantitative three-color flow cytometry method. RESULTS: Activated (HLA-DR+) and memory (CD45RO+) T cells, CD3+CD7- T lymphocytes, and cells expressing natural killer (NK) markers (CD3-CD56+ NK cells and CD3+CD56+ T lymphocytes) were expanded, whereas T lymphocytes expressing the adhesion molecule CD62L were lower in elderly compared with young donors. In addition to alterations in the percentages of T cell subsets during senescence, several changes in the intensity expression of T cell antigens were also detected. CD3 antigen expression was downregulated on total T lymphocytes as well as on the memory T cell subset, while CD56+ T cells exhibited increased CD3 levels. Moreover, CD2 expression, unchanged on NK cells, was upregulated on T lymphocytes from elderly subjects. CD3+CD7- T cells exhibited increased expression of CD8 antigen, while the intensity expression of HLA-DR on activated T cells and CD7 on both T and NK lymphocytes was decreased. T cells from elderly subjects also exhibited higher expression of CD50 and CD62L adhesion molecules as compared with young ones. CONCLUSION: These T cell antigen expression modulations during senescence, in addition to the alteration in the frequency of the various T lymphocyte subsets, could contribute to the complex remodeling of the immune function characteristic of the elderly.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/1005
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