Abstract This paper presents an advanced \FE\ modelling of cross-laminated (X-Lam) timber buildings for non-linear dynamic analyses. The model has been used to reproduce the experimental results of the shaking table tests carried out in Japan within the \SOFIE\ project on the 3- and 7-storey full-scale timber buildings. The X-Lam timber panels have been schematized with linear-elastic shell elements, whereas all metal connectors (hold-downs, angle brackets, screws) have been described with 3-DOFs non-linear hysteretic springs. The hysteretic law has a trilinear backbone curve, and is characterised by pinching, post-peak softening, strength and stiffness degradation. The approximating hysteretic laws of the springs have been calibrated on the experimental cyclic tests carried out on each single metal connector. Additional features of the model are the possibilities to account for friction at the interface between upper and lower X-Lam panels, and for a strength domain between shear and tensile force in the metal connectors. Due to the lack of experimental results, these variables have been identified via parametric study so as to reduce the difference between the numerical prediction and the experimental result of X-Lam single walls loaded with cyclic horizontal load. The experimental–numerical comparisons of the shaking table tests demonstrate the capacity of the model to capture the seismic responses of both buildings with errors within 20% in relative acceleration and 7% in roof displacement. Friction has been found to significantly affect the seismic response as it reduces the peak top displacement up to 31%.
|Titolo:||Non-linear simulation of shaking-table tests on 3- and 7-storey X-Lam timber buildings|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|