Twelve novel deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were prepared and characterized in this work. They are mixtures of S-(+)-camphorsulfonic acid (CSA) and differently structured sulfobetaines (SBs) with aliphatic, aromatic and amphiphilic moiety. They are liquids at room temperature, their melting points span, in fact, from -5° to 19°C, so we can name these mixtures RTDESs (Room Temperature Deep Eutectic Solvents). These DESs were characterized in terms of their viscosity, conductivity (and therefore ionicity via Walden plot), density, surface tension and toxicity on eukaryotic model cells. The collected data suggest that the interaction between CSA and the SBs can be ascribed as a hydrogen bond instead of a proton transfer; therefore they are not ionic liquids. To our knowledge, their position on the Walden plot, in the left portion close to the diagonal, has not yet been observed for other DESs or ionic liquid systems and indicates the low ionicity of these mixtures. A FTIR-based bioassay was performed to determine the toxicity of these mixtures on eukaryotic model cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). The DESs showed a dehydrating effect highly correlated to a well-known non-toxic agent such as CaCl2; the presence of water can inactivate the effect on the cells of these mixtures. The amphiphilic SBs DESs showed a stronger effect on the cells; a structure-activity trend can be described for this class. A preliminary study on the use of these novel DESs as Brønsted catalyst media was accomplished by the use of one of them in chalcone synthesis, which showed promising catalytic and recycling capabilities.

Room temperature deep eutectic solvents of (1S)-(+)-10-camphorsulfonic acid and sulfobetaines: hydrogen bond-based mixtures with low ionicity and structure-dependent toxicity

SPRETI, Nicoletta;
2015

Abstract

Twelve novel deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were prepared and characterized in this work. They are mixtures of S-(+)-camphorsulfonic acid (CSA) and differently structured sulfobetaines (SBs) with aliphatic, aromatic and amphiphilic moiety. They are liquids at room temperature, their melting points span, in fact, from -5° to 19°C, so we can name these mixtures RTDESs (Room Temperature Deep Eutectic Solvents). These DESs were characterized in terms of their viscosity, conductivity (and therefore ionicity via Walden plot), density, surface tension and toxicity on eukaryotic model cells. The collected data suggest that the interaction between CSA and the SBs can be ascribed as a hydrogen bond instead of a proton transfer; therefore they are not ionic liquids. To our knowledge, their position on the Walden plot, in the left portion close to the diagonal, has not yet been observed for other DESs or ionic liquid systems and indicates the low ionicity of these mixtures. A FTIR-based bioassay was performed to determine the toxicity of these mixtures on eukaryotic model cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). The DESs showed a dehydrating effect highly correlated to a well-known non-toxic agent such as CaCl2; the presence of water can inactivate the effect on the cells of these mixtures. The amphiphilic SBs DESs showed a stronger effect on the cells; a structure-activity trend can be described for this class. A preliminary study on the use of these novel DESs as Brønsted catalyst media was accomplished by the use of one of them in chalcone synthesis, which showed promising catalytic and recycling capabilities.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/10138
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