Tumefactive multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. It has recently been described as a rare subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS) characterised by the appearance of solitary or multiple space-occupying lesions associated with imaging characteristics mimicking neoplasm. Atypical features include plaque size >2 cm with mass effect, oedema, and/or ring enhancement on magnetic resonance (MR) images.This study is a retrospective review designed to evaluate the prevalence of tumefactive plaques in a selected population of 440 MS patients referred to our MS centre in Southern Italy between 2005 and 2014. We analysed the radiographic features of lesions ranging in size from 0.5 to 2 cm to establish whether smaller plaques with MR characteristics similar to tumefactive plaques present different symptoms, disease evolution and prognosis. We also aimed to ascertain if MR features suggestive of biological aggressiveness could be useful prognostic criteria for a correct diagnosis of the disease and subsequent treatment. Our data suggest that lesions 0.5-2 cm and >2 cm have similar MR features and clinical evolution.

Is size an essential criterion to define tumefactive plaque? MR features and clinical correlation in multiple sclerosis

PATRIARCA, LUCIA;FERRARI, FABIANA;DI CARMINE, CATERINA;DI CESARE, Ernesto;SPLENDIANI, ALESSANDRA
2016-01-01

Abstract

Tumefactive multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. It has recently been described as a rare subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS) characterised by the appearance of solitary or multiple space-occupying lesions associated with imaging characteristics mimicking neoplasm. Atypical features include plaque size >2 cm with mass effect, oedema, and/or ring enhancement on magnetic resonance (MR) images.This study is a retrospective review designed to evaluate the prevalence of tumefactive plaques in a selected population of 440 MS patients referred to our MS centre in Southern Italy between 2005 and 2014. We analysed the radiographic features of lesions ranging in size from 0.5 to 2 cm to establish whether smaller plaques with MR characteristics similar to tumefactive plaques present different symptoms, disease evolution and prognosis. We also aimed to ascertain if MR features suggestive of biological aggressiveness could be useful prognostic criteria for a correct diagnosis of the disease and subsequent treatment. Our data suggest that lesions 0.5-2 cm and >2 cm have similar MR features and clinical evolution.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/101535
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