Background Functional polymorphisms of molecules involved in immune-mediated mechanisms of allograft rejection could be predictive of increased risk for early and late post-transplant complications. In the past years, the challenge for long-term graft survival in kidney recipients is the implementation of personalized approaches. In this study, effects of interleukin (IL)-18-137G/C (rs187238), -607C/A (rs1946518), and other pro-inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α-308G/A, rs1800629, IL-6-174G/C, rs1800795, and interferon [IFN]-γ+874A/T, rs2430561) on the main post-transplant risk parameters and diseases (metabolic, cardiovascular, infective, and chronic allograft rejection) were assessed in kidney-transplanted patients. Methods One hundred seventy-nine transplanted patients were retrospectively analyzed for clinical and biochemical parameters and onset of post-transplant complications. Taqman allelic discrimination and PCR-SSP (polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers) techniques were used for genotyping. Results No predictive effects of allele and genotypes of IL-18-607C/A, TNF-α-308G/A, IL-6-174G/C, and IFN-γ+874A/T gene polymorphisms and onset of risk factors and late complications were evidenced. However, Kaplan-Meier analysis evidenced a weak effect of IL-18-137G/C genotypes on graft survival. Conclusions Analyzing associations between some pro-inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms and onset of the most relevant risk factors and late complications of kidney transplant, results suggested a possible impact of IL-18-137G/C genotypes on graft survival, which deserves further studies.

Kidney Transplantation, Polymorphisms of IL-18, and Other Pro-Inflammatory Genes and Late Post-Transplant Outcome

IESARI, SAMUELE;FAMULARI, Antonio;PISANI, FRANCESCO
2016-01-01

Abstract

Background Functional polymorphisms of molecules involved in immune-mediated mechanisms of allograft rejection could be predictive of increased risk for early and late post-transplant complications. In the past years, the challenge for long-term graft survival in kidney recipients is the implementation of personalized approaches. In this study, effects of interleukin (IL)-18-137G/C (rs187238), -607C/A (rs1946518), and other pro-inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α-308G/A, rs1800629, IL-6-174G/C, rs1800795, and interferon [IFN]-γ+874A/T, rs2430561) on the main post-transplant risk parameters and diseases (metabolic, cardiovascular, infective, and chronic allograft rejection) were assessed in kidney-transplanted patients. Methods One hundred seventy-nine transplanted patients were retrospectively analyzed for clinical and biochemical parameters and onset of post-transplant complications. Taqman allelic discrimination and PCR-SSP (polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers) techniques were used for genotyping. Results No predictive effects of allele and genotypes of IL-18-607C/A, TNF-α-308G/A, IL-6-174G/C, and IFN-γ+874A/T gene polymorphisms and onset of risk factors and late complications were evidenced. However, Kaplan-Meier analysis evidenced a weak effect of IL-18-137G/C genotypes on graft survival. Conclusions Analyzing associations between some pro-inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms and onset of the most relevant risk factors and late complications of kidney transplant, results suggested a possible impact of IL-18-137G/C genotypes on graft survival, which deserves further studies.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/102792
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact