The crystal structure of the class-B β-lactamase, BlaB, from the pathogenic bacterium, Chryseobacterium meningosepticum, in complex with the inhibitor, D-captopril, has been solved at 1.5-Å resolution. The enzyme has the typical αβ/βα metallo-β-lactamase fold and the characteristic two metal binding sites of members of the subclass B1, in which two Zn2+ ions were identified. D-Captopril, a diastereoisomer of the commercial drug, captopril, acts as an inhibitor by displacing the catalytic hydroxyl ion required for antibiotic hydrolysis and intercalating its sulfhydryl group between the two Zn2+ ions. Interestingly, D-captopril is located on one side of the active site cleft. The x-ray structure of the complex of the closely related enzyme, IMP-1, with a mercaptocarboxylate inhibitor, which also contains a sulfhydryl group bound to the two Zn2+ ions, shows the ligand to be located on the opposite side of the active site cleft. A molecule generated by fusion of these two inhibitors would cover the entire cleft, suggesting an interesting approach to the design of highly specific inhibitors.

The 1.5-Å structure of Chryseobacterium meningosepticum zinc β-lactamase in complex with the inhibitor, D-captopril

FRANCESCHINI, Nicola;AMICOSANTE, Gianfranco;
2003-01-01

Abstract

The crystal structure of the class-B β-lactamase, BlaB, from the pathogenic bacterium, Chryseobacterium meningosepticum, in complex with the inhibitor, D-captopril, has been solved at 1.5-Å resolution. The enzyme has the typical αβ/βα metallo-β-lactamase fold and the characteristic two metal binding sites of members of the subclass B1, in which two Zn2+ ions were identified. D-Captopril, a diastereoisomer of the commercial drug, captopril, acts as an inhibitor by displacing the catalytic hydroxyl ion required for antibiotic hydrolysis and intercalating its sulfhydryl group between the two Zn2+ ions. Interestingly, D-captopril is located on one side of the active site cleft. The x-ray structure of the complex of the closely related enzyme, IMP-1, with a mercaptocarboxylate inhibitor, which also contains a sulfhydryl group bound to the two Zn2+ ions, shows the ligand to be located on the opposite side of the active site cleft. A molecule generated by fusion of these two inhibitors would cover the entire cleft, suggesting an interesting approach to the design of highly specific inhibitors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/103147
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