Recent studies suggest that adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) play a role in tissue remodeling through the release of cytokines and growth factors. We compared the secreted cytokine profile of hypoxia-conditioned ASCs (hASCs) with normoxic ASCs (nASCs) and we analyzed the effect of ASCs conditioned medium (CM) on endothelial cells. We found that hypoxia induced a transient upregulation of VEGF in ASCs and a notable and enduring upregulation of leptin mRNA expression 30-fold greater than control after 24 h and up to 60-fold greater than control at day 7. CM from hASC stimulated EC tube formation to a significantly greater extent than CM from nASC. This might be due to leptin-secreted factor. Indeed, exogenous leptin stimulated the expression of HIF2-α, but not HIF1-α, and upregulated the expression of Flt-1 and Tie-1 proangiogenic receptors. In conclusion, hASCs may be particularly efficient in sustaining angiogenesis through the release of leptin.

Adipose-derived stem cells sustain prolonged angiogenesis through leptin secretion

DELLE MONACHE, SIMONA;CALGANI, ALESSIA;SANITA', PATRIZIA;ZAZZERONI, FRANCESCA;GIULIANI, ANTONIO;AMICUCCI, Gianfranco;ANGELUCCI, ADRIANO
2016

Abstract

Recent studies suggest that adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) play a role in tissue remodeling through the release of cytokines and growth factors. We compared the secreted cytokine profile of hypoxia-conditioned ASCs (hASCs) with normoxic ASCs (nASCs) and we analyzed the effect of ASCs conditioned medium (CM) on endothelial cells. We found that hypoxia induced a transient upregulation of VEGF in ASCs and a notable and enduring upregulation of leptin mRNA expression 30-fold greater than control after 24 h and up to 60-fold greater than control at day 7. CM from hASC stimulated EC tube formation to a significantly greater extent than CM from nASC. This might be due to leptin-secreted factor. Indeed, exogenous leptin stimulated the expression of HIF2-α, but not HIF1-α, and upregulated the expression of Flt-1 and Tie-1 proangiogenic receptors. In conclusion, hASCs may be particularly efficient in sustaining angiogenesis through the release of leptin.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/104712
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