Recent studies suggest that adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) play a role in tissue remodeling through the release of cytokines and growth factors. We compared the secreted cytokine profile of hypoxia-conditioned ASCs (hASCs) with normoxic ASCs (nASCs) and we analyzed the effect of ASCs conditioned medium (CM) on endothelial cells. We found that hypoxia induced a transient upregulation of VEGF in ASCs and a notable and enduring upregulation of leptin mRNA expression 30-fold greater than control after 24 h and up to 60-fold greater than control at day 7. CM from hASC stimulated EC tube formation to a significantly greater extent than CM from nASC. This might be due to leptin-secreted factor. Indeed, exogenous leptin stimulated the expression of HIF2-α, but not HIF1-α, and upregulated the expression of Flt-1 and Tie-1 proangiogenic receptors. In conclusion, hASCs may be particularly efficient in sustaining angiogenesis through the release of leptin.
|Titolo:||Adipose-derived stem cells sustain prolonged angiogenesis through leptin secretion|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|