A photochemical two-dimensional model including a grid-point temperature distribution calculated from long-term circulation statistics has been used to assessth e relative role of heterogeneousre actions of chlorine nitrate on background sulfate aerosols. The sulfuric acid weight percentage is calculated explicitly as a function of temperature and water vapor content. It is shown that the contribution of these reactions to the ozone trend in the 1980's accounts for about only 10% the ozone loss due to N205+ H20 during the Northern Hemisphere winter months at mid-latitude and between 50-200 mb. The weight of these reactions, however, may substantially increase in the presence of larger aerosol loading. The reaction ClON02 +HCl on sulfate aerosols is found to be of comparable importance with respect to ClON02+H20, and it is found to represent a significant source of active chlorine in the Antarctic spring.

Contribution to the Ozone Trend of Heterogeneous Reactions of ClONO2 on the Sulfate Aerosol Layer

PITARI, Giovanni
1993

Abstract

A photochemical two-dimensional model including a grid-point temperature distribution calculated from long-term circulation statistics has been used to assessth e relative role of heterogeneousre actions of chlorine nitrate on background sulfate aerosols. The sulfuric acid weight percentage is calculated explicitly as a function of temperature and water vapor content. It is shown that the contribution of these reactions to the ozone trend in the 1980's accounts for about only 10% the ozone loss due to N205+ H20 during the Northern Hemisphere winter months at mid-latitude and between 50-200 mb. The weight of these reactions, however, may substantially increase in the presence of larger aerosol loading. The reaction ClON02 +HCl on sulfate aerosols is found to be of comparable importance with respect to ClON02+H20, and it is found to represent a significant source of active chlorine in the Antarctic spring.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/10556
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