During June-July 2002 the low-altitude (h similar to 400 km) Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) satellite passed approximately every 2nd day close to the South European Geomagnetic Array (SEGMA, 1.56 < L < 1.88) during daytime hours. We present here the analysis of a Pc3 geomagnetic pulsation event observed simultaneously in space and at the ground array during the conjunction of 6 July 2002. Both compressional and transverse oscillations were identified in CHAMP magnetic measurements. A close correspondence between the compressional component and the ground signals is observed. The behavior of the CHAMP azimuthal component shows evidence for the occurrence of a field line resonance at L congruent to 1.6. The frequency of these azimuthal oscillations is similar to20% higher than the frequency of both the compressional oscillation and the ground pulsations. Such a difference is explained in terms of a sort of Doppler shift caused by the fast movement of the satellite across the resonance region where the phase signal changes rapidly. A further analysis verifies for the first time by space measurements the theoretical pattern of the wave polarization sense in the resonance region. The comparison with corresponding SEGMA measurements also provides an unprecedented direct confirmation of the well-known 90degrees rotation of the ULF wave polarization ellipse through the ionosphere.
|Titolo:||Ground/satellite signatures of field line resonance: A test of theoretical predictions RID E-1550-2011|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|