Isoelectric focusing (IEF) of human serum transferrin allows splitting of the protein pattern into three forms corresponding to the diferric, monoferric and apoform. A detailed analysis of this pattern, performed on transferrin at different degrees of iron saturation, demonstrated that free Ampholine carrier ampholytes (CA) alter the expected results, always giving a complex pattern with multiple bands. In particular, the monoferric form appears to be the predominant one, regardless of the starting saturation of transferrin. In contrast to IEF-CA, the new technique of IEF in immobilized pH gradients (IPG), shows a much simpler pattern with the same samples. Moreover, the different transferrin forms are focused at the same pI values as in IEF-CA but the pattern appears to correspond to the expected distribution. IPG analysis gives a pattern similar to IEF-CA when free Ampholine CA are added either to the samples and/or as electrode solutions. A chelating action of Ampholine CA on Fe+3 might be responsible for these effects, while Immobilines, due to their different chemical nature or to the different focusing procedure, are not able to interact with iron.

Different patterns of human serum transferrin on isoelectric focusing using synthetic carrier ampholytes or immobilized pH gradients.

D'ALESSANDRO, Anna Maria;
1988

Abstract

Isoelectric focusing (IEF) of human serum transferrin allows splitting of the protein pattern into three forms corresponding to the diferric, monoferric and apoform. A detailed analysis of this pattern, performed on transferrin at different degrees of iron saturation, demonstrated that free Ampholine carrier ampholytes (CA) alter the expected results, always giving a complex pattern with multiple bands. In particular, the monoferric form appears to be the predominant one, regardless of the starting saturation of transferrin. In contrast to IEF-CA, the new technique of IEF in immobilized pH gradients (IPG), shows a much simpler pattern with the same samples. Moreover, the different transferrin forms are focused at the same pI values as in IEF-CA but the pattern appears to correspond to the expected distribution. IPG analysis gives a pattern similar to IEF-CA when free Ampholine CA are added either to the samples and/or as electrode solutions. A chelating action of Ampholine CA on Fe+3 might be responsible for these effects, while Immobilines, due to their different chemical nature or to the different focusing procedure, are not able to interact with iron.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/10696
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