Objective: The research was designed to evaluate the results of surgical resection of renal lung metastases. Methods: Between 1960 and 1994, 50 consecutive patients underwent resection for pulmonary metastases from renal cell carcinoma. Mean age was 59 years (range: 40-78 years). Mean time between nephrectomy and pulmonary resection was 3 years (range: 0-18 years). Nineteen patients had solitary metastase, 13 multiple unilateral, and 18 bilateral. Wedge excision was performed in 28 patients, segmentectomy in 3, lobectomy in 17, sleeve lobectomy in 1, pneumonectomy in 5 and biopsy in 3. Twelve patients had repeat resection for recurrent metastases. Results: The resection was complete in 45 patients. Three patients also had a complete resection of limited extra-pulmonary disease. There was one postoperative death and 3 complications. Mean follow-up was 42 months without loss of follow-up. The cause of death was always metastatic recurrent disease. Five-year survival in complete resection was 44%. Only one long survivor was observed in the case of incomplete resection in a patient who had a complete response after adjuvant immunotherapy. Five-year survival for the 12 patients with repeat resections was similar to the overall survival rate (42%). Conclusions: Resection of renal lung metastases is a safe and effective treatment. No factor influenced the 5-year survival in this series except the complete resection. Extra-pulmonary metastases does not contra-indicate pulmonary resection. In selected patients, repeat resection for recurrent disease is warranted. Copyright (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

Lung metastases of renal cell carcinoma: results of surgical resection.

REA, Silvio;
1997

Abstract

Objective: The research was designed to evaluate the results of surgical resection of renal lung metastases. Methods: Between 1960 and 1994, 50 consecutive patients underwent resection for pulmonary metastases from renal cell carcinoma. Mean age was 59 years (range: 40-78 years). Mean time between nephrectomy and pulmonary resection was 3 years (range: 0-18 years). Nineteen patients had solitary metastase, 13 multiple unilateral, and 18 bilateral. Wedge excision was performed in 28 patients, segmentectomy in 3, lobectomy in 17, sleeve lobectomy in 1, pneumonectomy in 5 and biopsy in 3. Twelve patients had repeat resection for recurrent metastases. Results: The resection was complete in 45 patients. Three patients also had a complete resection of limited extra-pulmonary disease. There was one postoperative death and 3 complications. Mean follow-up was 42 months without loss of follow-up. The cause of death was always metastatic recurrent disease. Five-year survival in complete resection was 44%. Only one long survivor was observed in the case of incomplete resection in a patient who had a complete response after adjuvant immunotherapy. Five-year survival for the 12 patients with repeat resections was similar to the overall survival rate (42%). Conclusions: Resection of renal lung metastases is a safe and effective treatment. No factor influenced the 5-year survival in this series except the complete resection. Extra-pulmonary metastases does not contra-indicate pulmonary resection. In selected patients, repeat resection for recurrent disease is warranted. Copyright (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/10750
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