Carrà’s Metaphysical painting developed from his study of the Italian Renaissance painters Giotto and Uccello. It was in their works, with few focal points and horizontals, that Carrà felt the artist’s soul could be seen. The archetypal compositional techniques Carrà admired in these works led to his break with the dynamism of Futurism and to his creation of paintings with a stillness and form, which he termed a ‘condensation of expression’. Carrà aimed to guide Italian painting to its ‘essential purpose’ and in doing so, redefine Italian painting and challenge the dominant French vanguard of painters. Although the movement technically spanned only a few months, Carrà and a great many other artists drew from its tenets even after its dissolution.