Neuroendocrine tumors, particularly those of gastrointestinal tract origin, have a predisposition for metastasizing to the liver, causing parenchymat substitution and paraneoplastic syndrome. Lipiodol embolization combined with anticancer drugs is a recent tool in regional therapy. It has been proven that chemoembolization reduces tumor bulk and hormone levels, and that it palliates the symptoms of many patients with liver-dominant neuroendocrine metastases. Beginning in December 1988, ten patients with unresectable and chemotherapy-refractory liver metastatic neuroendocrine tumors were treated with chemoembolization based on a mixture of lipiodol, mitomycin, cisplatin, epirubicin, followed by gelfoam powder and contrast media. Tosicity encountered included: upper right quadrant pain requiring narcotics, elevation of lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, and transaminases. One patient had liver abscess and persistent fever for 2 weeks. We obtained two complete remissions lasting 12 and 34 months and 5 partial remissions. The median survival was 22 months. Four patients had urinary elevation of 5-hydrosyin-dolacetic acid (5-HIAA). They showed more than a 75% decrease in urinary secretion after treatment. In a patient with transplanted liver we noticed a partial response lasting 7 months. We conclude that chemoembolization will improve the clinical condition of a significant percentage of patients with liver metastases, that future therapy of carcinoid tumors will be based on specific tumor biology and that treatment will be customized for each individual patient combining the use of cytoreductive procedures including radiofrequency ablation, laser treatment and chemoembolization.
|Titolo:||Intra-arterial hepatic chemoembolization in liver metastases from neuroendocrine tumors: A phase II study|
|Autori interni:||GUADAGNI, Stefano|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF CHEMOTHERAPY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|