In the controversy regarding whether sphinctersaving resection (SSR) or abdominoperineal resection (APER) is more appropriate for the treatment of very low rectal cancer, local recurrence rates seem to play a fundamental role in patient outcome. In order to operate an effective patient selection, very low rectal cancer is defined herein as being located within 4.5 to 7.5 cm from the anal verge. This retrospective report investigates the incidence of local recurrence after curative surgery for very low rectal carcinoma in 24 consecutive patients treated by the same surgical team over a 15-year period using the above surgical procedures. In the APER group, the local recurrence rate was 45.5%, occurring in 5 of 11 cases; and in the SSR group 46.1%, occurring in 6 of 13 cases, with no significant difference between the two groups. Recurrence was found within one year of surgical treatment in all except one case. Despite the strict follow-up program, it was only possible to perform reoperation in two recurrent cases, both previously submitted to SSR and diagnosed by means of transanal ultrasonography and macrobiopsy. The high incidence of local recurrence in this series is explained by the advanced stage of disease in the majority of cases. Thus, as the choice between APER and SSR does not seem to affect the incidence of local recurrence, which is related more to tumor size, site, stage, and grading, preservation of the sphincters and restoration of digestive continuity should be achieved whenever technically possible. © 1992 Springer-Verlag.

Low anterior resection versus abdominoperineal excision: A comparison of local recurrence after curative surgery for "very low" rectal cancer

GUADAGNI, Stefano;
1992

Abstract

In the controversy regarding whether sphinctersaving resection (SSR) or abdominoperineal resection (APER) is more appropriate for the treatment of very low rectal cancer, local recurrence rates seem to play a fundamental role in patient outcome. In order to operate an effective patient selection, very low rectal cancer is defined herein as being located within 4.5 to 7.5 cm from the anal verge. This retrospective report investigates the incidence of local recurrence after curative surgery for very low rectal carcinoma in 24 consecutive patients treated by the same surgical team over a 15-year period using the above surgical procedures. In the APER group, the local recurrence rate was 45.5%, occurring in 5 of 11 cases; and in the SSR group 46.1%, occurring in 6 of 13 cases, with no significant difference between the two groups. Recurrence was found within one year of surgical treatment in all except one case. Despite the strict follow-up program, it was only possible to perform reoperation in two recurrent cases, both previously submitted to SSR and diagnosed by means of transanal ultrasonography and macrobiopsy. The high incidence of local recurrence in this series is explained by the advanced stage of disease in the majority of cases. Thus, as the choice between APER and SSR does not seem to affect the incidence of local recurrence, which is related more to tumor size, site, stage, and grading, preservation of the sphincters and restoration of digestive continuity should be achieved whenever technically possible. © 1992 Springer-Verlag.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/110461
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