The authors here propose, for the first time, an automatic analog interface for differential capacitance estimation, able to reveal and quantify both low and high (full-range) capacitive variations. The working principle is based on a modified De-Sauty AC bridge configuration where two differential capacitances and two resistances are employed, one of which is implemented by a Voltage Controlled Resistor (VCR). Through a suitable feedback loop, a very accurate estimation over the complete range of the differential capacitance variation is possible, while the bridge allows a continuous differential capacitance evaluation without the need of knowing the accurate value of the sensor baseline and/or its variation range. A general but very simple formula, considering both the "autobalancing" and the "out-of-equilibrium" ranges, is also given. Theoretical, experimental and simulated results are in a very good agreement. Sensitivity and resolution values, typical of sensors and their interfaces, have been determined in a practical case, showing satisfactory values.

Automatic Bridge-based Interface for Differential Capacitive Full Sensing

FERRI, GIUSEPPE;PARENTE, FRANCESCA ROMANA;STORNELLI, Vincenzo;BARILE, GIANLUCA;PANTOLI, LEONARDO
2016

Abstract

The authors here propose, for the first time, an automatic analog interface for differential capacitance estimation, able to reveal and quantify both low and high (full-range) capacitive variations. The working principle is based on a modified De-Sauty AC bridge configuration where two differential capacitances and two resistances are employed, one of which is implemented by a Voltage Controlled Resistor (VCR). Through a suitable feedback loop, a very accurate estimation over the complete range of the differential capacitance variation is possible, while the bridge allows a continuous differential capacitance evaluation without the need of knowing the accurate value of the sensor baseline and/or its variation range. A general but very simple formula, considering both the "autobalancing" and the "out-of-equilibrium" ranges, is also given. Theoretical, experimental and simulated results are in a very good agreement. Sensitivity and resolution values, typical of sensors and their interfaces, have been determined in a practical case, showing satisfactory values.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/110856
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