In dissipative dynamical systems phase space volumes contract, on average. Therefore, the invariant measure on the attractor is singular with respect to the Lebesgue measure. As noted by Ruelle, a generic perturbation pushes the state out of the attractor, hence the statistical features of the perturbation and, in particular, of the relaxation cannot be understood solely in terms of the unperturbed dynamics on the attractor. This remark seems to seriously limit the applicability of the standard fluctuation-dissipation procedure in the statistical mechanics of nonequilibrium (dissipative) systems. In this letter we show that the singular character of the steady state does not constitute a serious limitation in the case of systems with many degrees of freedom. The reason is that one typically deals with projected dynamics, and these are associated with regular probability distributions in the corresponding lower dimensional spaces.
|Titolo:||Fluctuation-dissipation relation for chaotic non-Hamiltonian systems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|