The clinical efficacy of ErbB1 kinase inhibitors is limited by the development of acquired autoresistance. The activation of alternative signaling pathways can contribute to gefitinib resistance. In this study, we demonstrate that the continuous in vitro exposure of the phosphatase and tensin homologue (deleted from chromosome 10)-negative prostate cancer (PC)3 cell line to gefitinib resulted in a sustained growth inhibition of 50% for about 2 months, but afterwards the surviving cells resumed their usual proliferation rate. During chronic treatment, gefitinib-treated cells developed drug resistance undergoing a G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, with a corresponding reduction in the G2/M cells without evident cell apoptosis, and thus a tyrosine kinase inhibitor-resistant (TKI-R) PC3 cell subline was isolated. TKI-R cells show i) an increment in basal ERK activation, ii) an epidermal growth factor-mediated and gefitinib insensitive ERK phosporylation, iii) increased levels of Her2/Neu, iv) a significant decrement in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression, v) a very low sensitivity against EGFR TKIs and blocking antibodies, vi) a moderate increase in the sensitivity to growth inhibition by the Her2 inhibitor, AG825 or by 2C4, the humanized monoclonal antibody which blocks Her2 heterodymerization, vii) an increased expression of the neutrophine receptors, TrkA and TrkB, and viii) a significantly increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by the TrkA inhibitor, CEP701. Treatment with a mitogen-activated-protein kinase inhibitor abolished gefitinib resistance completely. Therefore, the ability of tumor cells to maintain high ERK activity under EGFR inhibition could represent a potential mechanism of the resistance to gefitinib.

Uncoupling of the epidermal growth factor receptor from downstream signal transduction molecules guides the acquired resistance to gefitinib in prostate cancer cells

GRAVINA, GIOVANNI LUCA;RICEVUTO, Enrico;VICENTINI, Carlo;BOLOGNA, Mauro
2007

Abstract

The clinical efficacy of ErbB1 kinase inhibitors is limited by the development of acquired autoresistance. The activation of alternative signaling pathways can contribute to gefitinib resistance. In this study, we demonstrate that the continuous in vitro exposure of the phosphatase and tensin homologue (deleted from chromosome 10)-negative prostate cancer (PC)3 cell line to gefitinib resulted in a sustained growth inhibition of 50% for about 2 months, but afterwards the surviving cells resumed their usual proliferation rate. During chronic treatment, gefitinib-treated cells developed drug resistance undergoing a G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, with a corresponding reduction in the G2/M cells without evident cell apoptosis, and thus a tyrosine kinase inhibitor-resistant (TKI-R) PC3 cell subline was isolated. TKI-R cells show i) an increment in basal ERK activation, ii) an epidermal growth factor-mediated and gefitinib insensitive ERK phosporylation, iii) increased levels of Her2/Neu, iv) a significant decrement in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression, v) a very low sensitivity against EGFR TKIs and blocking antibodies, vi) a moderate increase in the sensitivity to growth inhibition by the Her2 inhibitor, AG825 or by 2C4, the humanized monoclonal antibody which blocks Her2 heterodymerization, vii) an increased expression of the neutrophine receptors, TrkA and TrkB, and viii) a significantly increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by the TrkA inhibitor, CEP701. Treatment with a mitogen-activated-protein kinase inhibitor abolished gefitinib resistance completely. Therefore, the ability of tumor cells to maintain high ERK activity under EGFR inhibition could represent a potential mechanism of the resistance to gefitinib.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/11161
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