Background: The genetic basis of predisposition to psoriasis is recognised; however, the response to psoriasis treatment in patients with different genetic predisposition is poorly understood. Objective: To analyse the presence of the HLA-C*06:02 polymorphism in psoriatic patients treated with adalimumab. Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood of 122 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis treated with adalimumab for 3 years. Genotyping was performed using PCR. Disease severity was assessed by the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) at day 0 and after 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between dependent variables (including HLA-C*06:02 status) and achievement of PASI 50, 75 and 90. Results: No difference was observed after adalimumab treatment between C*06:02 positive (HLA-C*06:02-POS) patients (n = 46) and C*06:02 negative (HLA-C*06:02-NEG) patients (n = 76) over the 3-year follow-up period in terms of PASI response or time-course when PASI response was achieved. However, a small, but non-statistically significant difference was noted between genotypes for PASI 50 at 1 month (HLA-C*06:02-NEG: 44.7% vs. HLA-C*06:02-POS: 56.5%) and at 3 months (HLA-C*06:02-NEG: 71.1% vs. HLA-C*06:02-POS: 80.4%). Simple logistic regression analysis did not reveal an association between independent variables (including C*06:02 status) and PASI response; however, multivariate regression revealed that gender (females better than males) was associated with achievement of PASI 50 at month 1 (OR 0.34, 95% CI 0.16–0.72, p = 0.005) and of PASI 75 at 3 months (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.16–0.8, p = 0.012). Conclusion: Adalimumab reduced long-term severity in patients with moderate-severe psoriasis, independent of their HLA-C*06:02 status.

HLA-C*06:02 Does Not Predispose to Clinical Response Following Long-Term Adalimumab Treatment in Psoriatic Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study

TAMBONE, SARA;FARGNOLI, MARIA CONCETTA;
2017

Abstract

Background: The genetic basis of predisposition to psoriasis is recognised; however, the response to psoriasis treatment in patients with different genetic predisposition is poorly understood. Objective: To analyse the presence of the HLA-C*06:02 polymorphism in psoriatic patients treated with adalimumab. Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood of 122 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis treated with adalimumab for 3 years. Genotyping was performed using PCR. Disease severity was assessed by the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) at day 0 and after 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between dependent variables (including HLA-C*06:02 status) and achievement of PASI 50, 75 and 90. Results: No difference was observed after adalimumab treatment between C*06:02 positive (HLA-C*06:02-POS) patients (n = 46) and C*06:02 negative (HLA-C*06:02-NEG) patients (n = 76) over the 3-year follow-up period in terms of PASI response or time-course when PASI response was achieved. However, a small, but non-statistically significant difference was noted between genotypes for PASI 50 at 1 month (HLA-C*06:02-NEG: 44.7% vs. HLA-C*06:02-POS: 56.5%) and at 3 months (HLA-C*06:02-NEG: 71.1% vs. HLA-C*06:02-POS: 80.4%). Simple logistic regression analysis did not reveal an association between independent variables (including C*06:02 status) and PASI response; however, multivariate regression revealed that gender (females better than males) was associated with achievement of PASI 50 at month 1 (OR 0.34, 95% CI 0.16–0.72, p = 0.005) and of PASI 75 at 3 months (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.16–0.8, p = 0.012). Conclusion: Adalimumab reduced long-term severity in patients with moderate-severe psoriasis, independent of their HLA-C*06:02 status.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/112156
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