Common cancers frequently develop bone metastases, which are often osteolytic in nature due to activation of osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. This may result from direct stimulation of these cells by the metastasis, or may be due to indirect enhancement of osteoclast activity by osteoblasts. A further feature of the bone metastasis is an extensive medullary angiogenesis which supports tumor growth. The alphaVbeta3 integrin is highly expressed in bone metastatic cells, as well as in osteoclasts and in the activated endothelium, where it plays a major role in cell function. In contrast, this receptor is barely expressed in other cell types. Our hypothesis is that inhibition of this mechanism, which is not widespread in most tissues and at the same time is common to several steps of cancer-induced osteolysis (i.e., homing, growth, and survival of metastatic cells, osteoclast bone resorption, and angiogenesis), should represent a suitable target to block the development of bone spreading of metastatic tumors. We extend this hypothesis to downstream signalling molecules activated by ligation of the alphaVbeta3 integrin, some of which (i.e., Src, PYK2, and Shc) could have similar specific roles in tumor cells, activated endothelium and osteoclasts, but not in other cell types.

The role of the AlphaVbeta3 integrin in the development of osteolytic bone metastases: A pharmacological target for alternative therapy?

TETI, ANNA MARIA;
2002

Abstract

Common cancers frequently develop bone metastases, which are often osteolytic in nature due to activation of osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. This may result from direct stimulation of these cells by the metastasis, or may be due to indirect enhancement of osteoclast activity by osteoblasts. A further feature of the bone metastasis is an extensive medullary angiogenesis which supports tumor growth. The alphaVbeta3 integrin is highly expressed in bone metastatic cells, as well as in osteoclasts and in the activated endothelium, where it plays a major role in cell function. In contrast, this receptor is barely expressed in other cell types. Our hypothesis is that inhibition of this mechanism, which is not widespread in most tissues and at the same time is common to several steps of cancer-induced osteolysis (i.e., homing, growth, and survival of metastatic cells, osteoclast bone resorption, and angiogenesis), should represent a suitable target to block the development of bone spreading of metastatic tumors. We extend this hypothesis to downstream signalling molecules activated by ligation of the alphaVbeta3 integrin, some of which (i.e., Src, PYK2, and Shc) could have similar specific roles in tumor cells, activated endothelium and osteoclasts, but not in other cell types.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/11354
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