Background Rapid gastric emptying has been proposed to justify the increase in glucagon-like polypeptide-1 (GLP-1) after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Objectives To assess gastric emptying changes after LSG and their relationship with GLP-1 secretion. Setting San Salvatore Hospital general surgery unit, University of L'Aquila, Italy. Methods 52 patients underwent gastric emptying scintigraphy for liquid and solid foods, before and 3 months after LSG. Twenty-six patients were in the liquid group (L group) and the remaining in the solid group (S group). We evaluated the half time of gastric emptying (T1/2) and percentage of gastric retention (%GR) at 15, 30, and 60 minutes for liquids and at 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes for solids. GLP-1 plasma concentrations were measured in each group before and after LSG and related to %GR. Statistical analysis was performed by Χ2 test and Pearson correlation(r). Results After surgery, T1/2 was significantly accelerated: 15.2±13 min and 33.5±18 min in the L group and S group, respectively (P<.05). In both groups, GLP-1 plasma concentrations were increased at each blood sampling time: 2.91±2.9 pg/mL, 3.06±3.1 pg/mL and 3.21±2.6 pg/mL at 15, 30, and 60 minutes, respectively, (P<.05) for L group and 2.72±1.5 pg/mL, 2.89±2.1 pg/mL, 2.93±1.8 pg/mL, and 2.95±1.9 pg/mL at 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes, respectively, (P< .05) for the S group. After LSG, GLP-1 and %GR presented a negative linear correlation (r) at each blood sampling time in both groups. Conclusion The rapid gastric emptying 3 months after LSG upregulates the production of GLP-1 in the distal bowel. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.

The effect of sleeve gastrectomy on GLP-1 secretion and gastric emptying: a prospective study

CLEMENTI, MARCO;AMICUCCI, Gianfranco
2017-01-01

Abstract

Background Rapid gastric emptying has been proposed to justify the increase in glucagon-like polypeptide-1 (GLP-1) after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Objectives To assess gastric emptying changes after LSG and their relationship with GLP-1 secretion. Setting San Salvatore Hospital general surgery unit, University of L'Aquila, Italy. Methods 52 patients underwent gastric emptying scintigraphy for liquid and solid foods, before and 3 months after LSG. Twenty-six patients were in the liquid group (L group) and the remaining in the solid group (S group). We evaluated the half time of gastric emptying (T1/2) and percentage of gastric retention (%GR) at 15, 30, and 60 minutes for liquids and at 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes for solids. GLP-1 plasma concentrations were measured in each group before and after LSG and related to %GR. Statistical analysis was performed by Χ2 test and Pearson correlation(r). Results After surgery, T1/2 was significantly accelerated: 15.2±13 min and 33.5±18 min in the L group and S group, respectively (P<.05). In both groups, GLP-1 plasma concentrations were increased at each blood sampling time: 2.91±2.9 pg/mL, 3.06±3.1 pg/mL and 3.21±2.6 pg/mL at 15, 30, and 60 minutes, respectively, (P<.05) for L group and 2.72±1.5 pg/mL, 2.89±2.1 pg/mL, 2.93±1.8 pg/mL, and 2.95±1.9 pg/mL at 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes, respectively, (P< .05) for the S group. After LSG, GLP-1 and %GR presented a negative linear correlation (r) at each blood sampling time in both groups. Conclusion The rapid gastric emptying 3 months after LSG upregulates the production of GLP-1 in the distal bowel. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/114183
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