Purpose: A continuous spermatic venous reflux (SVR) at colour Doppler ultrasound (CDU) is an evidence for varicocele, a frequent correlate for male subfertility. We explored whether SVR after left varicocele repair is predictive for changes in semen quality in subfertile men. Methods: Blood hormones (FSH, LH, and total testosterone) and scrotal CDU were obtained in subfertile patients with left grade II or grade III varicocele on physical evaluation and a poor sperm quality. Semen analysis and CDU were re-evaluated 6 months after a retrograde internal spermatic vein scleroembolisation. Results: The retrospective study included 100 men with a baseline SVR >3 cm/s; 60 men showed a disappearance (group 1) and 40 men (group 2) showed a reduced SVR after varicocele repair. Total motile sperm count (TMC) was markedly increased after treatment (p < 0.0001; F = 35.79) and the increase was more relevant in group 1 compared to group 2 (p = 0.04; F = 4.20). TMC and left SVR values after varicocele repair were negatively correlated (R = −0.218; p = 0.035). Multivariate analysis showed that adjusted SVR after repair negatively predicted TMC change (TMC after repair minus baseline TMC) (ß = −2.56; p = 0.022). Disappearance of a continuous left SVR at CDU after varicocele repair was associated to a better improvement of semen parameters in subfertile men. Conclusion: Recording of a continuous left spermatic vein reflux is an objective method to assess a successful varicocele repair aimed to improve sperm parameters in subfertile men.

Determination of spermatic vein reflux after varicocele repair helps to define the efficacy of treatment in improving sperm parameters of subfertile men

Barbonetti, A;NECOZIONE, STEFANO;FRANCAVILLA, Felice;FRANCAVILLA, Sandro
2017-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: A continuous spermatic venous reflux (SVR) at colour Doppler ultrasound (CDU) is an evidence for varicocele, a frequent correlate for male subfertility. We explored whether SVR after left varicocele repair is predictive for changes in semen quality in subfertile men. Methods: Blood hormones (FSH, LH, and total testosterone) and scrotal CDU were obtained in subfertile patients with left grade II or grade III varicocele on physical evaluation and a poor sperm quality. Semen analysis and CDU were re-evaluated 6 months after a retrograde internal spermatic vein scleroembolisation. Results: The retrospective study included 100 men with a baseline SVR >3 cm/s; 60 men showed a disappearance (group 1) and 40 men (group 2) showed a reduced SVR after varicocele repair. Total motile sperm count (TMC) was markedly increased after treatment (p < 0.0001; F = 35.79) and the increase was more relevant in group 1 compared to group 2 (p = 0.04; F = 4.20). TMC and left SVR values after varicocele repair were negatively correlated (R = −0.218; p = 0.035). Multivariate analysis showed that adjusted SVR after repair negatively predicted TMC change (TMC after repair minus baseline TMC) (ß = −2.56; p = 0.022). Disappearance of a continuous left SVR at CDU after varicocele repair was associated to a better improvement of semen parameters in subfertile men. Conclusion: Recording of a continuous left spermatic vein reflux is an objective method to assess a successful varicocele repair aimed to improve sperm parameters in subfertile men.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/117832
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