As bisphenol A (BPA) exerts oxidative/pro-apoptotic effects in several cell types, we explored whether the in vitro exposure to BPA could affect human sperm integrity through the induction of pro-oxidative/apoptotic mitochondrial dysfunction. The exposure of motile sperm suspensions to scalar BPA concentrations for 4 h produced a decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential, starting from 300 μM. It was associated with an increased mitochondrial generation of superoxide anion, caspase-9 and caspase-3 activation and motility decrement. Vitality decline was observed at BPA ≥ 400 μM. Twenty hours exposure to 300 μM BPA, but not to lower concentrations, produced a significant loss in sperm vitality associated with a complete sperm immobilization. Finally, 300 μM BPA also produced a significant DNA oxidative damage, as revealed by the formation of oxidized base adduct 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine. In conclusion, BPA affected human sperm integrity by inducing pro-oxidative/apoptotic mitochondrial dysfunction.

In vitro exposure of human spermatozoa to bisphenol A induces pro-oxidative/apoptotic mitochondrial dysfunction

Barbonetti, Arcangelo;FRANCAVILLA, Sandro;FRANCAVILLA, Felice
2016-01-01

Abstract

As bisphenol A (BPA) exerts oxidative/pro-apoptotic effects in several cell types, we explored whether the in vitro exposure to BPA could affect human sperm integrity through the induction of pro-oxidative/apoptotic mitochondrial dysfunction. The exposure of motile sperm suspensions to scalar BPA concentrations for 4 h produced a decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential, starting from 300 μM. It was associated with an increased mitochondrial generation of superoxide anion, caspase-9 and caspase-3 activation and motility decrement. Vitality decline was observed at BPA ≥ 400 μM. Twenty hours exposure to 300 μM BPA, but not to lower concentrations, produced a significant loss in sperm vitality associated with a complete sperm immobilization. Finally, 300 μM BPA also produced a significant DNA oxidative damage, as revealed by the formation of oxidized base adduct 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine. In conclusion, BPA affected human sperm integrity by inducing pro-oxidative/apoptotic mitochondrial dysfunction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/117954
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