The hydration properties of the bromide aqua ion have been investigated using state of the art density functional theory (DFT) based molecular dynamics with dispersion-corrected atom-centered pseudopotentials for water and classical molecular dynamics simulations. The reliability of the theoretical results has been assessed by comparing the attained structural results with the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) experimental data. The EXAFS technique is mainly sensitive to short distances around the bromine atom, and it is a direct probe of the local solvation structure. The comparison shows that the DFT simulation delivers a good description of the EXAFS experimental signal, while classical simulation performs poorly. The main reason behind this is the neglect of polarization effects in the classical ion-water interaction potentials. By taking advantage of the reliable information on the Br- local hydration structure it has been possible to highlight the contribution of hydrogen atoms to the EXAFS spectra of halide aqueous systems.

On the hydration properties of the bromide aqua ion: the interplay of first principle and classical Molecular Dynamics, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy

GUIDONI, Leonardo
2010

Abstract

The hydration properties of the bromide aqua ion have been investigated using state of the art density functional theory (DFT) based molecular dynamics with dispersion-corrected atom-centered pseudopotentials for water and classical molecular dynamics simulations. The reliability of the theoretical results has been assessed by comparing the attained structural results with the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) experimental data. The EXAFS technique is mainly sensitive to short distances around the bromine atom, and it is a direct probe of the local solvation structure. The comparison shows that the DFT simulation delivers a good description of the EXAFS experimental signal, while classical simulation performs poorly. The main reason behind this is the neglect of polarization effects in the classical ion-water interaction potentials. By taking advantage of the reliable information on the Br- local hydration structure it has been possible to highlight the contribution of hydrogen atoms to the EXAFS spectra of halide aqueous systems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/11829
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