Fixed-node Green's-function Monte Carlo calculations have been performed for very large 16x16 two-dimensional Hubbard lattices, large interaction strengths U=10,20, and 40, and many (15 similar to 20) densities between empty and half-filling. The nodes were fixed by a simple Slater-Gutzwiller trial wave function. For each value of U we obtained a sequence of ground-state energies which is consistent with the possibility of a phase separation close to half-filling, with a hole density in the hole-rich phase which is a decreasing function of U. The energies suffer, however, from a fixed-node bias: more accurate nodes are needed to confirm this picture. Our extensive numerical results and their test against size, shell, shape, and boundary-condition effects also suggest that phase separation is quite a delicate issue, on which simulations based on smaller lattices than considered here are unlikely to give reliable predictions.

Phase separation in the 2D Hubbard model: a fixed-node quantum Monte Carlo study

GUIDONI, Leonardo;
1998

Abstract

Fixed-node Green's-function Monte Carlo calculations have been performed for very large 16x16 two-dimensional Hubbard lattices, large interaction strengths U=10,20, and 40, and many (15 similar to 20) densities between empty and half-filling. The nodes were fixed by a simple Slater-Gutzwiller trial wave function. For each value of U we obtained a sequence of ground-state energies which is consistent with the possibility of a phase separation close to half-filling, with a hole density in the hole-rich phase which is a decreasing function of U. The energies suffer, however, from a fixed-node bias: more accurate nodes are needed to confirm this picture. Our extensive numerical results and their test against size, shell, shape, and boundary-condition effects also suggest that phase separation is quite a delicate issue, on which simulations based on smaller lattices than considered here are unlikely to give reliable predictions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/12020
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