Berms deployed at the toe of conventional breakwaters may be needed to reduce bottom settlements and to limit scour in front of the structure due to coastal currents. In the mean time, they may be effective in increasing the stability of the armor layer and also in minimizing the wave overtopping discharge compared to straight sloped conventional breakwaters without a berm. This research aims to provide a new design criterion for the armor layer of conventional breakwaters with submerged berms marked by small thickness compared to water depth. Indeed, past researches focused on the influence of relatively high berms on the stability of the armor layer. The design of the berm itself is not tackled herein. The effects of submerged berms on the incident waves transformation have been evaluated by means of a numerical model, validated by using experimental data. Then, a parametric correction factor of the incident significant wave height at the toe of the structure is provided and included in well established design criteria. The experimental comparison confirms the reliability of the proposed method by highlighting the importance to use design criteria within their validity ranges, in order to avoid an unsafe dimensioning of the armor elements.

Effects of submerged berms on the stability of conventional rubble mound breakwaters

D. Pasquali
;
M. Di Risio
2018

Abstract

Berms deployed at the toe of conventional breakwaters may be needed to reduce bottom settlements and to limit scour in front of the structure due to coastal currents. In the mean time, they may be effective in increasing the stability of the armor layer and also in minimizing the wave overtopping discharge compared to straight sloped conventional breakwaters without a berm. This research aims to provide a new design criterion for the armor layer of conventional breakwaters with submerged berms marked by small thickness compared to water depth. Indeed, past researches focused on the influence of relatively high berms on the stability of the armor layer. The design of the berm itself is not tackled herein. The effects of submerged berms on the incident waves transformation have been evaluated by means of a numerical model, validated by using experimental data. Then, a parametric correction factor of the incident significant wave height at the toe of the structure is provided and included in well established design criteria. The experimental comparison confirms the reliability of the proposed method by highlighting the importance to use design criteria within their validity ranges, in order to avoid an unsafe dimensioning of the armor elements.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/120553
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