The present paper deals with physico-mechanical pre-treatments for dismantling of spent liquid crystal displays (LCDs) and further recovery of valuable fractions like plastic, glass and indium. After a wide experimental campaign, two processes were designed, tested and optimized. In the wet process, 20%, 15% and 40% by weight of the feeding panels are recovered as plastic, glass and indium concentrate, respectively. Instead, in the dry process, only two fractions were separated: around 11% and 85% by weight are recovered as plastic and glass/indium mixture. Indium, that concentrated in the −212 μm fraction, was completely dissolved by sulphuric acid leaching (0.75 mol L−1H2SO4solution, 80 °C, 10%vol H2O2, pulp density 10%wt/vol, leaching time 3 h). 100% of indium can be extracted from the pregnant solution with 5%wt/vol Amberlite™ resin, at room temperature and pH 3 in 24 h. Indium was thus re-extracted from the resin by means of a 2 mol L−1H2SO4solution, at room temperature and S/L of 40%wt/vol.

Separation and recovery of glass, plastic and indium from spent LCD panels

Ferella, Francesco;De Michelis, Ida;Vegliò, Francesco
2017

Abstract

The present paper deals with physico-mechanical pre-treatments for dismantling of spent liquid crystal displays (LCDs) and further recovery of valuable fractions like plastic, glass and indium. After a wide experimental campaign, two processes were designed, tested and optimized. In the wet process, 20%, 15% and 40% by weight of the feeding panels are recovered as plastic, glass and indium concentrate, respectively. Instead, in the dry process, only two fractions were separated: around 11% and 85% by weight are recovered as plastic and glass/indium mixture. Indium, that concentrated in the −212 μm fraction, was completely dissolved by sulphuric acid leaching (0.75 mol L−1H2SO4solution, 80 °C, 10%vol H2O2, pulp density 10%wt/vol, leaching time 3 h). 100% of indium can be extracted from the pregnant solution with 5%wt/vol Amberlite™ resin, at room temperature and pH 3 in 24 h. Indium was thus re-extracted from the resin by means of a 2 mol L−1H2SO4solution, at room temperature and S/L of 40%wt/vol.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/120685
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