In continuum mechanics, there exists a unique theory for elasticity, which includes the first gradient of displacement. The corresponding generalization of elasticity is referred to as strain gradient elasticity or higher gradient theories, where the second and higher gradients of displacement are involved. Unfortunately, there is a lack of consensus among scientists how to achieve the generalization. Various suggestions were made, in order to compare or even verify these, we need a generic computational tool. In this paper, we follow an unusual but quite convenient way of formulation based on action principles. First, in order to present its benefits, we start with the action principle leading to the well-known form of elasticity theory and present a variational formulation in order to obtain a weak form. Second, we generalize elasticity and point out, in which term the suggested formalism differs. By using the same approach, we obtain a weak form for strain gradient elasticity. The weak forms for elasticity and for strain gradient elasticity are solved numerically by using open-source packagesâby using the finite element method in space and finite difference method in time. We present some applications from elasticity as well as strain gradient elasticity and simulate the so-called size effect.
|Titolo:||Theory and computation of higher gradient elasticity theories based on action principles|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|