Diclofenac (hereafter DCF) is an extensively used anti-inflammatory drug; therefore, it is found in many sewage treatment plant effluents and it is one of the most usually reported environmental pharmaceutical contaminants. In this work, the degradation of diclofenac in pure water under UV light was studied, and the influence of some variables, such as humic acids (HA), nitrate anions (NO3−) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) on DCF photodegradation was investigated. The experimental activity was carried out in a batch reactor of 100 mL equipped with fixed UV light of 254 nm and an irradiation intensity of 400 mJ/m2. Diclofenac initial concentration was equal to 10 mg/L in pure water, and its removal was evaluated by varying HA concentration in the range 10–20 mg/L and NO3− concentration in the range 25–50 mg/L. Furthermore, the heterogeneous catalysis with TiO2 (1–50 mg/L) was studied. Temperature in all experiments was kept constant at 20 °C. Experimental results show that while HA have a significant influence on DCF photodegradation, nitrate and titanium dioxide seem to be ineffective, at least in the tested conditions. Finally, DCF photolysis modelling was carried out and a pseudo-first-order kinetic model was used.

Photodegradation of Diclofenac Sodium Salt in Water Solution: Effect of HA, NO3− and TiO2 on Photolysis Performance

Prisciandaro, Marina
2017

Abstract

Diclofenac (hereafter DCF) is an extensively used anti-inflammatory drug; therefore, it is found in many sewage treatment plant effluents and it is one of the most usually reported environmental pharmaceutical contaminants. In this work, the degradation of diclofenac in pure water under UV light was studied, and the influence of some variables, such as humic acids (HA), nitrate anions (NO3−) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) on DCF photodegradation was investigated. The experimental activity was carried out in a batch reactor of 100 mL equipped with fixed UV light of 254 nm and an irradiation intensity of 400 mJ/m2. Diclofenac initial concentration was equal to 10 mg/L in pure water, and its removal was evaluated by varying HA concentration in the range 10–20 mg/L and NO3− concentration in the range 25–50 mg/L. Furthermore, the heterogeneous catalysis with TiO2 (1–50 mg/L) was studied. Temperature in all experiments was kept constant at 20 °C. Experimental results show that while HA have a significant influence on DCF photodegradation, nitrate and titanium dioxide seem to be ineffective, at least in the tested conditions. Finally, DCF photolysis modelling was carried out and a pseudo-first-order kinetic model was used.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/120895
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