The emergence and dissemination of multidrug resistant (MDR) pathogens resistant to nearly all available antibiotics poses a significant threat in clinical therapy. Among them, Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates overexpressing KPC-2 carbapenemase are the most worrisome, extending bacterial resistance to last-resort carbapenems. In this study, we investigate the molecular recognition requirements in the KPC-2 active site by small phenylboronic acid derivatives. Four new phenylboronic acid derivatives were designed and tested against KPC-2. For the most active, despite their simple chemical structures, nanomolar affinity was achieved. The new derivatives restored susceptibility to meropenem in clinical strains overexpressing KPC-2. Moreover, no cytotoxicity was detected in cell-viability assays, which further validated the designed leads. Two crystallographic binary complexes of the best inhibitors binding KPC-2 were obtained at high resolution. Kinetic descriptions of slow binding, time-dependent inhibition, and interaction geometries in KPC-2 were fully investigated. This study will ultimately lead toward the optimization and development of more-effective KPC-2 inhibitors.

Phenylboronic Acid Derivatives as Validated Leads Active in Clinical Strains Overexpressing KPC-2: A Step against Bacterial Resistance

Celenza, Giuseppe;Bellio, Pierangelo;Perilli, Mariagrazia;
2018-01-01

Abstract

The emergence and dissemination of multidrug resistant (MDR) pathogens resistant to nearly all available antibiotics poses a significant threat in clinical therapy. Among them, Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates overexpressing KPC-2 carbapenemase are the most worrisome, extending bacterial resistance to last-resort carbapenems. In this study, we investigate the molecular recognition requirements in the KPC-2 active site by small phenylboronic acid derivatives. Four new phenylboronic acid derivatives were designed and tested against KPC-2. For the most active, despite their simple chemical structures, nanomolar affinity was achieved. The new derivatives restored susceptibility to meropenem in clinical strains overexpressing KPC-2. Moreover, no cytotoxicity was detected in cell-viability assays, which further validated the designed leads. Two crystallographic binary complexes of the best inhibitors binding KPC-2 were obtained at high resolution. Kinetic descriptions of slow binding, time-dependent inhibition, and interaction geometries in KPC-2 were fully investigated. This study will ultimately lead toward the optimization and development of more-effective KPC-2 inhibitors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/121275
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