The oligomeric form of the amyloid peptide Aβ1-42is capable of perturbing synaptic plasticity in different brain areas. Here, we evaluated the protective role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in beta amyloid (Aβ)-dependent impairment of long-term potentiation in entorhinal cortex (EC) slices. We found that BDNF (1 ng/mL) supplied by perfusion was able to rescue long-term potentiation in Aβ1-42-treated slices; BDNF protection was mediated by TrkB receptor as assessed by using the tyrosine kinase inhibitor K252a (200nM). We also investigated the function of endogenous BDNF using a soluble form of TrkB receptor (TrkB IgG). Incubation of slices with TrkB IgG (1μg/mL) increased the EC vulnerability to Aβ. Finally, we investigated the effect of BDNF on the cell stress-kinase p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in primary cortical cell cultures exposed to Aβ1-42. We found that Aβ induces p38 MAPK phosphorylation, although pretreatment with BDNF prevented Aβ-dependent p38 MAPK phosphorylation. This result was confirmed by an immunoassay in tissue extracts from EC slices collected after electrophysiology.

BDNF prevents amyloid-dependent impairment of LTP in the entorhinal cortex by attenuating p38 MAPK phosphorylation

Criscuolo, Chiara;Fabiani, Carlotta;Domenici, Luciano
2015-01-01

Abstract

The oligomeric form of the amyloid peptide Aβ1-42is capable of perturbing synaptic plasticity in different brain areas. Here, we evaluated the protective role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in beta amyloid (Aβ)-dependent impairment of long-term potentiation in entorhinal cortex (EC) slices. We found that BDNF (1 ng/mL) supplied by perfusion was able to rescue long-term potentiation in Aβ1-42-treated slices; BDNF protection was mediated by TrkB receptor as assessed by using the tyrosine kinase inhibitor K252a (200nM). We also investigated the function of endogenous BDNF using a soluble form of TrkB receptor (TrkB IgG). Incubation of slices with TrkB IgG (1μg/mL) increased the EC vulnerability to Aβ. Finally, we investigated the effect of BDNF on the cell stress-kinase p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in primary cortical cell cultures exposed to Aβ1-42. We found that Aβ induces p38 MAPK phosphorylation, although pretreatment with BDNF prevented Aβ-dependent p38 MAPK phosphorylation. This result was confirmed by an immunoassay in tissue extracts from EC slices collected after electrophysiology.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/121839
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 51
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 47
social impact