T cell exclusion from the tumour microenvironment (TME) is a major barrier to overcoming immune escape. Here we identify a myeloid-intrinsic mechanism governed by the NF-κB effector molecule GADD45β that restricts tumour-associated inflammation and T cell trafficking into tumors. In various models of solid cancers refractory to immunotherapies, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and ovarian adenocarcinoma, Gadd45b inhibition in myeloid cells restored activation of pro-inflammatory tumour-associated macrophages (TAM) and intratumoural immune infiltration, thereby diminishing oncogenesis. Our results provide a basis to interpret clinical evidence that elevated expression of GADD45B confers poor clinical outcomes in most human cancers. Further, they suggest a therapeutic target in GADD45β for re-programming TAM to overcome immunosuppression and T cell exclusion from the TME.

GADD45β loss ablates innate immunosuppression in cancer

Verzella, Daniela;FISCHIETTI, MARIAFAUSTA;Capece, Daria;Vecchiotti, Davide;Di Francesco, Barbara;Alesse, Edoardo;Zazzeroni, Francesca
;
2018-01-01

Abstract

T cell exclusion from the tumour microenvironment (TME) is a major barrier to overcoming immune escape. Here we identify a myeloid-intrinsic mechanism governed by the NF-κB effector molecule GADD45β that restricts tumour-associated inflammation and T cell trafficking into tumors. In various models of solid cancers refractory to immunotherapies, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and ovarian adenocarcinoma, Gadd45b inhibition in myeloid cells restored activation of pro-inflammatory tumour-associated macrophages (TAM) and intratumoural immune infiltration, thereby diminishing oncogenesis. Our results provide a basis to interpret clinical evidence that elevated expression of GADD45B confers poor clinical outcomes in most human cancers. Further, they suggest a therapeutic target in GADD45β for re-programming TAM to overcome immunosuppression and T cell exclusion from the TME.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/122014
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