We report on a novel very high Q-factor dual-band Terahertz perfect absorber composed of a metasurface located on top of a flexible polyimide spacer deposited on a silver ground layer. The metasurface is a 2D-array of plasmonic nanoantennas with the shape of two concentric square rings and a cylinder positioned at their centre. By performing numerical simulations, we studied the polarisation insensitive electromagnetic response of the absorber for incident angles varying from 0° up to ±30°. The two resonant modes centred at f1=1.80 THz and f2=2.26 THz have Q-factors Q(f1)=120 and Q(f2)=94 and absorption coefficients A(f1)=99.8% and A(f2)=99.6%. Moreover, we investigated how the resonant mode frequencies change with the refractive index and thickness of transparent analytes adsorbed on the metasurface. In terms of the Refractive Index Units (RIU), we obtained sensitivities equal to 187.5 GHz/RIU and 360 GHz/RIU for the f1and f2resonance frequencies, respectively, and figure of merits up to FOM=19.1 and FOM∗=431. These results make the dual-band absorber to be employed as a sensing device able to detect the presence and/or the physical/chemical modifications of the adsorbed analytes. Moreover, we investigated the dependence of the sensitivity as a function of slight modifications of the metasurface nanoantenna shape, demonstrating that a more homogeneous distribution of the electric field intensity on the metasurface improves the sensitivity of the absorber without affecting the Q-factors.

Design of a metasurface-based dual-band Terahertz perfect absorber with very high Q-factors for sensing applications

JANNEH, MOHAMMED;De Marcellis, A.;Palange, E.;
2018

Abstract

We report on a novel very high Q-factor dual-band Terahertz perfect absorber composed of a metasurface located on top of a flexible polyimide spacer deposited on a silver ground layer. The metasurface is a 2D-array of plasmonic nanoantennas with the shape of two concentric square rings and a cylinder positioned at their centre. By performing numerical simulations, we studied the polarisation insensitive electromagnetic response of the absorber for incident angles varying from 0° up to ±30°. The two resonant modes centred at f1=1.80 THz and f2=2.26 THz have Q-factors Q(f1)=120 and Q(f2)=94 and absorption coefficients A(f1)=99.8% and A(f2)=99.6%. Moreover, we investigated how the resonant mode frequencies change with the refractive index and thickness of transparent analytes adsorbed on the metasurface. In terms of the Refractive Index Units (RIU), we obtained sensitivities equal to 187.5 GHz/RIU and 360 GHz/RIU for the f1and f2resonance frequencies, respectively, and figure of merits up to FOM=19.1 and FOM∗=431. These results make the dual-band absorber to be employed as a sensing device able to detect the presence and/or the physical/chemical modifications of the adsorbed analytes. Moreover, we investigated the dependence of the sensitivity as a function of slight modifications of the metasurface nanoantenna shape, demonstrating that a more homogeneous distribution of the electric field intensity on the metasurface improves the sensitivity of the absorber without affecting the Q-factors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/123085
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