We consider the nonlinear dynamics occurring when an optical beam couples to dielectric material polarization in an unbiased photorefractive crystal undergoing a ferroelectric phase transition. The polarization profile produced by the light-induced electric field is evaluated by means of the Landau-Ginzburg approach and is found to manifest new thermodynamical states with their own specific nonlinear optical effects. We show that a temperature T(C), lower than the critical one, exists such that ( a) if T>T(C) the optical beam experiences an increasing self-focusing for decreasing temperatures and (b) if T>T(C) the optical beam allows the existence of thermodynamically metastable states associated with an optical ultra-self-focusing effect. (C) 2009 Optical Society of America

Light-induced dielectric structures and enhanced self-focusing in critical photorefractive ferroelectrics

Ciattoni, A;Rizza, C;Marini, A
2009

Abstract

We consider the nonlinear dynamics occurring when an optical beam couples to dielectric material polarization in an unbiased photorefractive crystal undergoing a ferroelectric phase transition. The polarization profile produced by the light-induced electric field is evaluated by means of the Landau-Ginzburg approach and is found to manifest new thermodynamical states with their own specific nonlinear optical effects. We show that a temperature T(C), lower than the critical one, exists such that ( a) if T>T(C) the optical beam experiences an increasing self-focusing for decreasing temperatures and (b) if T>T(C) the optical beam allows the existence of thermodynamically metastable states associated with an optical ultra-self-focusing effect. (C) 2009 Optical Society of America
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/123363
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