Four hundred not preselected male partners of infertile marriages were screened for the presence of anti-sperm antibodies. Serum and seminal plasma specimens from each patient were tested by the modified slide agglutination test (MSAT) and by the sperm-immobilization test. In addition, the IgG MAR test was performed on fresh ejaculates. Thirteen per cent of patients showed sperm agglutinating activity in serum and 5.7% also in seminal plasma. Sperm-immobilizing activity was found in 4.7% of serum and 1% of seminal plasma specimens, always associated with a high titre of sperm agglutinating activity. A highly significant linear correlation was found between the results of the MAR test and serum sperm-agglutinating activity; the presence of sperm-agglutinating activity in seminal plasma was always associated with MAR test positivity greater than 50%. The incidence of anti-sperm antibodies was not significantly different in patients with normo-, oligo- and azoospermia. The effectiveness and the easiness of both the MAR test and the MSAT do not justify, in our opinion, the utilization of more complex and expensive techniques for the detection of anti-sperm antibodies.

Immunological screening of a male population with infertile marriages

FRANCAVILLA, Felice;FRANCAVILLA, Sandro;
1984

Abstract

Four hundred not preselected male partners of infertile marriages were screened for the presence of anti-sperm antibodies. Serum and seminal plasma specimens from each patient were tested by the modified slide agglutination test (MSAT) and by the sperm-immobilization test. In addition, the IgG MAR test was performed on fresh ejaculates. Thirteen per cent of patients showed sperm agglutinating activity in serum and 5.7% also in seminal plasma. Sperm-immobilizing activity was found in 4.7% of serum and 1% of seminal plasma specimens, always associated with a high titre of sperm agglutinating activity. A highly significant linear correlation was found between the results of the MAR test and serum sperm-agglutinating activity; the presence of sperm-agglutinating activity in seminal plasma was always associated with MAR test positivity greater than 50%. The incidence of anti-sperm antibodies was not significantly different in patients with normo-, oligo- and azoospermia. The effectiveness and the easiness of both the MAR test and the MSAT do not justify, in our opinion, the utilization of more complex and expensive techniques for the detection of anti-sperm antibodies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/12350
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