Background: First line triplet chemotherapy/BEV significantly improved clinical outcome of MCRC. KRAS/NRAS/BRAF mutations were evaluated by next generation sequencing (NGS) in MCRC patients treated with first line FIr-B/FOx. Methods: KRAS exons 2-4 (KRAS2-4 ), NRAS2-4 , BRAF15 were evaluated in 67 tumours by ION Torrent platform. Mutation detection criteria: >500×sequence coverage (cov); >1% mutant allelic fraction (AF). Clinical outcomes were compared by log-rank. Results: In 63 samples, KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 wild-type (wt) were 14 (22.2%), mutant (mut) 49 (77.8%): KRAS2-4 42 (66.7%); NRAS2-4 11 (16.4%); BRAF15 5 (7.5%). Sixty mutations were detected, range 1-3 mut: 43 (71.7%) >1000×cov/>5% AF; 9 (15%) >500×cov/>5% AF; 8 (13.3%) >1000×cov/<5% AF. Mut distribution in KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 : 40 (63.5%) >1000×cov/>5% AF, 8 (12.7%) >500×cov/>5% AF, 1 (1.6%) >1000×cov/<5% AF; BRAF15 1 (1.5%) >500×cov/>5% AF, 4 (6%) >1000×cov/<5% AF. Prevalence of ≥2 mut samples: KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 8 (12.7%); KRAS2-4 7 (11.1%); NRAS2-4 5 (7.5%). BRAF15 mutant were all ≥2 mut (7.5%), atypical and associated to KRAS and/or NRAS mut: c.1405 G>A; c.1406 G>C; c.1756 G>A, 2 samples; c.1796 C>T. At 21 months (m) follow-up, clinical outcome wt compared to mut was not significantly different: in KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 , progression-free survival (PFS) 18/12 m, overall survival (OS) 28/22 m; 1/≥2 mutations, PFS 14/11, OS 37/22. PFS was trendy worse in RAS/BRAF wt vs ≥2 mut genes (P 0.059). Conclusions: Most MCRC harboured KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 mutations by NGS, often multiple and affecting few tumoral clones; 22% were triple wt. Clinical outcome is not significantly affected by KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 genotype, trendy different in triple wt, compared with KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 ≥2 mut.

KRAS, NRAS and BRAF mutations detected by next generation sequencing, and differential clinical outcome in metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) patients treated with first line FIr-B/FOx adding bevacizumab (BEV) to triplet chemotherapy.

Gemma Bruera;DI GIACOMO, DANIELA;Giuseppe Calvisi;Enrico Ricevuto
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: First line triplet chemotherapy/BEV significantly improved clinical outcome of MCRC. KRAS/NRAS/BRAF mutations were evaluated by next generation sequencing (NGS) in MCRC patients treated with first line FIr-B/FOx. Methods: KRAS exons 2-4 (KRAS2-4 ), NRAS2-4 , BRAF15 were evaluated in 67 tumours by ION Torrent platform. Mutation detection criteria: >500×sequence coverage (cov); >1% mutant allelic fraction (AF). Clinical outcomes were compared by log-rank. Results: In 63 samples, KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 wild-type (wt) were 14 (22.2%), mutant (mut) 49 (77.8%): KRAS2-4 42 (66.7%); NRAS2-4 11 (16.4%); BRAF15 5 (7.5%). Sixty mutations were detected, range 1-3 mut: 43 (71.7%) >1000×cov/>5% AF; 9 (15%) >500×cov/>5% AF; 8 (13.3%) >1000×cov/<5% AF. Mut distribution in KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 : 40 (63.5%) >1000×cov/>5% AF, 8 (12.7%) >500×cov/>5% AF, 1 (1.6%) >1000×cov/<5% AF; BRAF15 1 (1.5%) >500×cov/>5% AF, 4 (6%) >1000×cov/<5% AF. Prevalence of ≥2 mut samples: KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 8 (12.7%); KRAS2-4 7 (11.1%); NRAS2-4 5 (7.5%). BRAF15 mutant were all ≥2 mut (7.5%), atypical and associated to KRAS and/or NRAS mut: c.1405 G>A; c.1406 G>C; c.1756 G>A, 2 samples; c.1796 C>T. At 21 months (m) follow-up, clinical outcome wt compared to mut was not significantly different: in KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 , progression-free survival (PFS) 18/12 m, overall survival (OS) 28/22 m; 1/≥2 mutations, PFS 14/11, OS 37/22. PFS was trendy worse in RAS/BRAF wt vs ≥2 mut genes (P 0.059). Conclusions: Most MCRC harboured KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 mutations by NGS, often multiple and affecting few tumoral clones; 22% were triple wt. Clinical outcome is not significantly affected by KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 genotype, trendy different in triple wt, compared with KRAS2-4 /NRAS2-4 /BRAF15 ≥2 mut.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/124563
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