Health-related quality of life of patients with epilepsy is heavily influenced by antiepileptic drug (AED) tolerability. However, an accepted method for precise assessment of AED-induced adverse events (AEs) has not yet been established. Assessment of tolerability and of the frequency of predefined AEs among drug-resistant epilepsy patients through an analysis of placebo-treated patients from randomized controlled studies (RCTs) performed in patients with partial onset epilepsies (POS) and evaluation of factors which may influence the occurrence of AEs in these patients are the objectives of this study. We searched all double-blind, placebo-controlled trials investigating any AED on adult patients with POS and extracted both for patients treated with placebo and for those treated with the active drug, number of patients, number of responders, number of patients withdrawing because of AEs, number of patients with AEs, and number of patients with 11 predefined AEs. We also explored the effect of multiple factors on AEs reporting. Seventy-nine RCTs were included in our study with 12,594 patients, 6,793 of whom randomized to placebo. In placebo-treated patients, overall responder rate was 15.2 %, proportion of placebo-treated patients withdrawing because of AEs was 3.9 %, and proportion of patients with AE was 60.3 %. The four most frequently reported AEs were headache (12.4 %) somnolence (8.6 %), dizziness (8.2 %), and fatigue (7.9 %). Several factors were found to influence these outcomes. Several factors influence AEs’ appearance in RCTs. Among the most important, we found the expectations of patients and doctors and their attitudes on the positive or negative effect of a drug.

Adverse events of placebo-treated, drug-resistant, focal epileptic patients in randomized controlled trials: a systematic review

Verrotti, Alberto
2015

Abstract

Health-related quality of life of patients with epilepsy is heavily influenced by antiepileptic drug (AED) tolerability. However, an accepted method for precise assessment of AED-induced adverse events (AEs) has not yet been established. Assessment of tolerability and of the frequency of predefined AEs among drug-resistant epilepsy patients through an analysis of placebo-treated patients from randomized controlled studies (RCTs) performed in patients with partial onset epilepsies (POS) and evaluation of factors which may influence the occurrence of AEs in these patients are the objectives of this study. We searched all double-blind, placebo-controlled trials investigating any AED on adult patients with POS and extracted both for patients treated with placebo and for those treated with the active drug, number of patients, number of responders, number of patients withdrawing because of AEs, number of patients with AEs, and number of patients with 11 predefined AEs. We also explored the effect of multiple factors on AEs reporting. Seventy-nine RCTs were included in our study with 12,594 patients, 6,793 of whom randomized to placebo. In placebo-treated patients, overall responder rate was 15.2 %, proportion of placebo-treated patients withdrawing because of AEs was 3.9 %, and proportion of patients with AE was 60.3 %. The four most frequently reported AEs were headache (12.4 %) somnolence (8.6 %), dizziness (8.2 %), and fatigue (7.9 %). Several factors were found to influence these outcomes. Several factors influence AEs’ appearance in RCTs. Among the most important, we found the expectations of patients and doctors and their attitudes on the positive or negative effect of a drug.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/124998
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 24
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 20
social impact