Laser Assisted Joining (LAJ) of Aluminum AA5053 sheets with Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is investigated. The process was performed by means of a diode laser with a maximum power of 200 W. The materials did not show good chemical affinity. Thus, laser sculpturing was performed on the aluminum substrate before joining. This enabled to produce teeth features on the aluminum surface. Thus, the main joining mechanism was based on the penetration of the teeth throughout in PVC surface. The influence of the scanning speed and laser beam power used during the LAJ process on the mechanical strength of the joints was investigated. Single lap shear tests were conducted. Morphological analysis was carried out by means of optical microscopy. Thermal analysis was also conducted to measure the thermal field and the thermal history of the specimen during LAJ process. The results indicated the presence of two opposite phenomena: poor penetration of the teeth (due to insufficient heating) and polymer degradation (due to excessive heating). Both these conditions affected severely the mechanical strength of the joints. Great variation of the temperature and the morphology was observed on the joints. Under optimal conditions (P = 200W and Ss = 100 mm/min), the average joint strength reached 71% (15.3 MPa) of the base material shear strength.

Laser assisted joining of AA5053 aluminum alloy with polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

Lambiase, F.;
2018

Abstract

Laser Assisted Joining (LAJ) of Aluminum AA5053 sheets with Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is investigated. The process was performed by means of a diode laser with a maximum power of 200 W. The materials did not show good chemical affinity. Thus, laser sculpturing was performed on the aluminum substrate before joining. This enabled to produce teeth features on the aluminum surface. Thus, the main joining mechanism was based on the penetration of the teeth throughout in PVC surface. The influence of the scanning speed and laser beam power used during the LAJ process on the mechanical strength of the joints was investigated. Single lap shear tests were conducted. Morphological analysis was carried out by means of optical microscopy. Thermal analysis was also conducted to measure the thermal field and the thermal history of the specimen during LAJ process. The results indicated the presence of two opposite phenomena: poor penetration of the teeth (due to insufficient heating) and polymer degradation (due to excessive heating). Both these conditions affected severely the mechanical strength of the joints. Great variation of the temperature and the morphology was observed on the joints. Under optimal conditions (P = 200W and Ss = 100 mm/min), the average joint strength reached 71% (15.3 MPa) of the base material shear strength.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/125716
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