Biosorption of copper by Sphaerotilus natans in different conditions of ionic strength and pH was studied by performing sorption tests in batch and membrane reactors. Equilibrium batch tests evidenced the negative effect of ionic strength and the positive effect of pH on biosorption performances: the highest determined value for copper specific uptake, q, was about 60 mg/g at pH 6 and about 15 mg/g at pH 4. A competitive equilibrium model was successfully fitted to experimental data at different ionic strength levels to account for copper–sodium competition. In membrane reactor tests, experimental profiles of copper concentration in the permeate vs. time did not evidence a significant effect of ionic strength at low pH values (4 and 5). On the other hand a more remarkable effect of ionic strength on copper concentration in the permeate was observed at pH 6. Experimental profiles of continuous biosorption in the membrane reactors were successfully simulated by developing a dynamic model accounting for Cu–Na competition and for binding ability of cells fragments.

Ionic strength effect on copper biosorption by Sphaerotilus natans: equilibrium study and dynamic modelling in membrane reactor

VEGLIO', FRANCESCO
2006

Abstract

Biosorption of copper by Sphaerotilus natans in different conditions of ionic strength and pH was studied by performing sorption tests in batch and membrane reactors. Equilibrium batch tests evidenced the negative effect of ionic strength and the positive effect of pH on biosorption performances: the highest determined value for copper specific uptake, q, was about 60 mg/g at pH 6 and about 15 mg/g at pH 4. A competitive equilibrium model was successfully fitted to experimental data at different ionic strength levels to account for copper–sodium competition. In membrane reactor tests, experimental profiles of copper concentration in the permeate vs. time did not evidence a significant effect of ionic strength at low pH values (4 and 5). On the other hand a more remarkable effect of ionic strength on copper concentration in the permeate was observed at pH 6. Experimental profiles of continuous biosorption in the membrane reactors were successfully simulated by developing a dynamic model accounting for Cu–Na competition and for binding ability of cells fragments.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/12579
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