The tar reforming catalytic activity of iron and nickel based catalysts supported on alkaline- earth oxides CaO, MgO and calcined dolomite [a (CaMg)O solid solution] has been investigated in a fixed bed reactor operating at temperatures ranging from 650 to 850 °C; toluene and 1-methyl naphthalene were used as model compounds for tar generated during biomass gasification. The CO2 absorption capacities of Fe/(CaMg)O and Ni/(CaMg)O were also investigated at the lower temperature condition (650 °C) at which the sorption process is thermodynamically favoured. It was found that iron and nickel may be optimised in the substrate particles to enhance both the catalytic activity and the carbon deposition resistance during catalytic tests, at the same time reducing critical limitations on CO2 capture capacity.

Iron and Nickel Doped Alkaline-Earth Catalysts for Biomass Gasification with Simultaneous Tar Reformation and CO2 Capture

FOSCOLO, Pier Ugo
2011

Abstract

The tar reforming catalytic activity of iron and nickel based catalysts supported on alkaline- earth oxides CaO, MgO and calcined dolomite [a (CaMg)O solid solution] has been investigated in a fixed bed reactor operating at temperatures ranging from 650 to 850 °C; toluene and 1-methyl naphthalene were used as model compounds for tar generated during biomass gasification. The CO2 absorption capacities of Fe/(CaMg)O and Ni/(CaMg)O were also investigated at the lower temperature condition (650 °C) at which the sorption process is thermodynamically favoured. It was found that iron and nickel may be optimised in the substrate particles to enhance both the catalytic activity and the carbon deposition resistance during catalytic tests, at the same time reducing critical limitations on CO2 capture capacity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/12625
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