We aimed to evaluate if in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) there is a relationship between histological grading (HG), TNM clinical stage and HPV infection; and to study the performance of fuzzy logic compared to traditional statistics, in the analysis of HPV status and correlates of OSCC. In cross-sectional analysis, the study group comprised 63 patients (mean age 68.89 years (SD ± 11.78), range (32–93); males 28 (44.4%), females 35 (55.6%)) with OSCC histologically diagnosed. HPV-DNA was studied in exfoliated oral epithelial cells by nested PCR (MY09/MY11 and GP5+/GP6+ primers). Data were analysed in parallel by traditional statistics with multivariate analysis and a fuzzy logic (FL) technique (membership functions as input, the ANFIS methodology, and the Sugeno’s model of first order). HPV infection was detected in 24/63 (38.1%) of OSCC, as being HPV+ve 14/36 (38.9%) in G1, 7/18 (38.9%) in G2, and 3/9 (33.3%) in G3; HPV+ve 8/33 (24.2%) in Stage I, 9/12 (75.0%) in Stage II, 6/11(54.5%) in Stage III, and 1/7 (14.3%) in Stage IV. In both methods of analysis, no significantly increased risk of HPV infection was found for any HG score; whereas, TNM stage II was significantly associated to HPV infection (p = 0.004; OR = 9.375 (95% CI = 2.030:43.30); OR0 = 11.148 (95% CI = 1.951:43.30)), and, in particular, to primary tumour size T2 (p = 0.0036; OR = 7.812 (95%CI = 1.914:31.890); OR0 = 9.414 (95% CI = 1.846:48.013)); FL (% of prevision: 79.8; Root Mean- Square Error (RMSE): 0.29). No association was found between HPV infection and any demographical variable. Our findings show an association between HPV infection with TNM (stage II – T2), but not with histological grading of OSCC. Also, FL seems to be an additional effective tool in analysing the relationship of HPV infection with correlates of OSCC.

HPV infection in relation to OSCC histological grading and TNM stage. Evaluation by traditional statistics and fuzzy logic model Oral Oncology 2005.11.007)

CAPOGRECO, MARIO;
2005

Abstract

We aimed to evaluate if in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) there is a relationship between histological grading (HG), TNM clinical stage and HPV infection; and to study the performance of fuzzy logic compared to traditional statistics, in the analysis of HPV status and correlates of OSCC. In cross-sectional analysis, the study group comprised 63 patients (mean age 68.89 years (SD ± 11.78), range (32–93); males 28 (44.4%), females 35 (55.6%)) with OSCC histologically diagnosed. HPV-DNA was studied in exfoliated oral epithelial cells by nested PCR (MY09/MY11 and GP5+/GP6+ primers). Data were analysed in parallel by traditional statistics with multivariate analysis and a fuzzy logic (FL) technique (membership functions as input, the ANFIS methodology, and the Sugeno’s model of first order). HPV infection was detected in 24/63 (38.1%) of OSCC, as being HPV+ve 14/36 (38.9%) in G1, 7/18 (38.9%) in G2, and 3/9 (33.3%) in G3; HPV+ve 8/33 (24.2%) in Stage I, 9/12 (75.0%) in Stage II, 6/11(54.5%) in Stage III, and 1/7 (14.3%) in Stage IV. In both methods of analysis, no significantly increased risk of HPV infection was found for any HG score; whereas, TNM stage II was significantly associated to HPV infection (p = 0.004; OR = 9.375 (95% CI = 2.030:43.30); OR0 = 11.148 (95% CI = 1.951:43.30)), and, in particular, to primary tumour size T2 (p = 0.0036; OR = 7.812 (95%CI = 1.914:31.890); OR0 = 9.414 (95% CI = 1.846:48.013)); FL (% of prevision: 79.8; Root Mean- Square Error (RMSE): 0.29). No association was found between HPV infection and any demographical variable. Our findings show an association between HPV infection with TNM (stage II – T2), but not with histological grading of OSCC. Also, FL seems to be an additional effective tool in analysing the relationship of HPV infection with correlates of OSCC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/12626
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