This study aims to assess whether a 1950 MHz radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic field could protect human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells against a subsequent treatment with menadione, a chemical agent inducing DNA damage via reactive oxygen species formation. Cells were pre-exposed for 20 h to specific absorption rate of either 0.3 or 1.25 W/kg, and 3 h after the end of the exposure, they were treated with 10 µM menadione (MD) for 1 h. No differences were observed between sham- and RF-exposed samples. A statistically significant reduction in menadione-induced DNA damage was detected in cells pre-exposed to either 0.3 or 1.25 W/kg (P < 0.05). Moreover, our analyses of gene expression revealed that the pre-exposure to RF almost inhibited the dramatic loss of glutathione peroxidase-based antioxidant scavenging efficiency that was induced by MD, and in parallel strongly enhanced the gene expression of catalase-based antioxidant protection. In addition, RF abolished the MD-dependent down-regulation of oxoguanine DNA glycosylase, which is a critical DNA repairing enzyme. Overall, our findings suggested that RF pre-exposure reduced menadione-dependent DNA oxidative damage, most probably by enhancing antioxidant scavenging efficiency and restoring DNA repair capability. Our results provided some insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the RF-induced adaptive response in human neuroblastoma cells challenged with menadione.

Protective effect of 1950 MHz electromagnetic field in human neuroblastoma cells challenged with menadione

Falone, Stefano;Santini, Silvano junior;Amicarelli, Fernanda;
2018

Abstract

This study aims to assess whether a 1950 MHz radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic field could protect human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells against a subsequent treatment with menadione, a chemical agent inducing DNA damage via reactive oxygen species formation. Cells were pre-exposed for 20 h to specific absorption rate of either 0.3 or 1.25 W/kg, and 3 h after the end of the exposure, they were treated with 10 µM menadione (MD) for 1 h. No differences were observed between sham- and RF-exposed samples. A statistically significant reduction in menadione-induced DNA damage was detected in cells pre-exposed to either 0.3 or 1.25 W/kg (P < 0.05). Moreover, our analyses of gene expression revealed that the pre-exposure to RF almost inhibited the dramatic loss of glutathione peroxidase-based antioxidant scavenging efficiency that was induced by MD, and in parallel strongly enhanced the gene expression of catalase-based antioxidant protection. In addition, RF abolished the MD-dependent down-regulation of oxoguanine DNA glycosylase, which is a critical DNA repairing enzyme. Overall, our findings suggested that RF pre-exposure reduced menadione-dependent DNA oxidative damage, most probably by enhancing antioxidant scavenging efficiency and restoring DNA repair capability. Our results provided some insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the RF-induced adaptive response in human neuroblastoma cells challenged with menadione.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/126403
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