Phytoalexins are heterogeneous low molecular mass secondary metabolites with antimicrobial activity produced in response to pathogen invasion attempts at the infection site and represent an important part of the plant defense repertoire. Camalexin (3-Thiazol-2′-yl-indole) is a known phytoalexin first detected and isolated in Camelina sativa, from which it takes its name, infected with Alternaria brassicae (Browne et al., 1991). Production of camalexin is also induced in Arabidopsis thaliana leaves by a range of biotrophic and necrotrophic plant pathogens (bacteria, oomycetes, fungi and viruses) (Ahuja et al., 2012) as well as by abiotic stresses, such as UV and chemicals (e.g. acifluorfen, paraquat, chlorsulfuron and α-amino butyric acid) (Zhao et al., 1998; Tierens et al., 2002). Camalexin originates from tryptophan and CYP79B2 and CYP71B15 (PAD3) are P450 enzymes that catalyze important steps in its biosynthetic pathway (Glawischnig, 2007). In this protocol the detection and quantification of camalexin produced in Arabidopsis leaves infected with the necrotrophic fungus Botrytis cinerea is described.

Camalexin Quantification in Arabidopsis thaliana Leaves Challenged by Botrytis cinerea

Benedetta Mattei
2015-01-01

Abstract

Phytoalexins are heterogeneous low molecular mass secondary metabolites with antimicrobial activity produced in response to pathogen invasion attempts at the infection site and represent an important part of the plant defense repertoire. Camalexin (3-Thiazol-2′-yl-indole) is a known phytoalexin first detected and isolated in Camelina sativa, from which it takes its name, infected with Alternaria brassicae (Browne et al., 1991). Production of camalexin is also induced in Arabidopsis thaliana leaves by a range of biotrophic and necrotrophic plant pathogens (bacteria, oomycetes, fungi and viruses) (Ahuja et al., 2012) as well as by abiotic stresses, such as UV and chemicals (e.g. acifluorfen, paraquat, chlorsulfuron and α-amino butyric acid) (Zhao et al., 1998; Tierens et al., 2002). Camalexin originates from tryptophan and CYP79B2 and CYP71B15 (PAD3) are P450 enzymes that catalyze important steps in its biosynthetic pathway (Glawischnig, 2007). In this protocol the detection and quantification of camalexin produced in Arabidopsis leaves infected with the necrotrophic fungus Botrytis cinerea is described.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/126442
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