Objective: To investigate the effects of preoperative simvastatin treatment on leucocyte-endothelial interactions following coronary artery bypass surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Design: Double blind crossover study. Experiments on polymorphonuclear cells (neutrophils) were done at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass and one hour postoperatively. Endothelial P-selectin expression and neutrophil/endothelial adhesion were evaluated under either normoxic or hypoxic conditions. Setting: University hospital (tertiary referral centre). Patients: Three groups of patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery: 20 patients taking simvastatin for cholesterol control, 16 patients not responsive to simvastatin, and 20 controls. Main outcome measures: Expression of neutrophil CD11b and endothelial P-selectin; adhesion of neutrophils to endothelium. Results: Cardiopulmonary bypass resulted in a significant increase in neutrophil CD11b expression in all groups. Similarly, the exposure of saphenous vein to hypoxia/reoxygenation induced an augmentation of endothelial P-selectin. However, both neutrophil CD11b expression and endothelial P-selectin exocytosis were less in the simvastatin groups than in the controls. Cardiopulmonary bypass and controlled hypoxia/reoxygenation stimulated neutrophil/endothelial adhesion, but the number of adhering cells was less in the simvastatin groups than in the controls, irrespective of the cholesterol concentration. Treatment of endothelial cells with L-NAME completely reversed the effects of simvastatin. Conclusions: Pretreatment with simvastatin reduces neutrophil adhesion to the venous endothelium in patients undergoing coronary surgery, irrespective of its efficacy at lowering cholesterol concentration.
|Titolo:||Simvastatin attenuates leucocyte-endothelial interactions after coronary revascularisation with cardiopulmonary bypass|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|