Lipid-lowering therapy with statins reduces the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated a low-density lipoprotein-independent action of this class of drugs, which appears to modulate endothelial function, inflammation, and thrombosis. Randomized studies showed a beneficial effect of short-term statin pretreatment in reducing periprocedural cardiac marker release in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In particular, the ARMYDA (Atorvastatin for Reduction of Myocardial Damage During Angioplasty) investigators- initially in stable angina patients, then in patients with acute coronary syndrome, and then in patients already on chronic statin therapy-demonstrated an improvement in 30-day major adverse cardiac event rates, which were driven by a reduced rate of periprocedural myocardial infarction. Moreover, statin therapy at the time of PCI significantly decreased the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy. These observations support high-dose statin pretreatment in all patients who are candidates for PCI.

Statins and their role in pre-percutaneous coronary intervention

Patti G;
2010-01-01

Abstract

Lipid-lowering therapy with statins reduces the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated a low-density lipoprotein-independent action of this class of drugs, which appears to modulate endothelial function, inflammation, and thrombosis. Randomized studies showed a beneficial effect of short-term statin pretreatment in reducing periprocedural cardiac marker release in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In particular, the ARMYDA (Atorvastatin for Reduction of Myocardial Damage During Angioplasty) investigators- initially in stable angina patients, then in patients with acute coronary syndrome, and then in patients already on chronic statin therapy-demonstrated an improvement in 30-day major adverse cardiac event rates, which were driven by a reduced rate of periprocedural myocardial infarction. Moreover, statin therapy at the time of PCI significantly decreased the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy. These observations support high-dose statin pretreatment in all patients who are candidates for PCI.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/127488
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact