Objective: Recent studies have demonstrated that the induction of heat shock protein-72 (HSP72) by different stimuli preserves the heart function after cardioplegic arrest. Based on these findings, we investigated whether intermittent warm blood cardioplegia would induce changes in the myocardial expression of HSP72. Methods: Forty patients scheduled for aortocoronary bypass were randomly assigned to receive either cold or warm intermittent blood cardioplegia. In all patients HSP72 and HSP72 mRNA were assayed in biopsies from the right atrium at baseline, and during the reperfusion period. Plasma CK-MB and troponin-T, and myocardial oxygen extraction and lactate release were also measured. Results: In both groups, myocardial expression of HSP72 increased throughout the reperfusion period, but the values of HSP72 band lengths were significantly higher in the warm group. Correspondingly, HSP72 mRNA levels increased progressively in both groups, with significant difference between groups observed in biopsies at the reperfusion. Warm blood cardioplegia was associated with lower levels of CK-MB and troponin-T. Myocardial oxygen extraction and lactate release were higher during intermittent warm cardioplegia, indicating a more profound ischemic anaerobic metabolism in the warm group. Conclusions: Intermittent warm blood cardioplegia induces an increased expression of HSP72 and it is associated with a better myocardial protection, by a mechanism involving a variant of the classical ischemic preconditioning model. (C) 2003 The International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Intermittent warm blood cardioplegia induces the expression of heat shock protein-72 by ischemic myocardial preconditioning

Patti G;
2003

Abstract

Objective: Recent studies have demonstrated that the induction of heat shock protein-72 (HSP72) by different stimuli preserves the heart function after cardioplegic arrest. Based on these findings, we investigated whether intermittent warm blood cardioplegia would induce changes in the myocardial expression of HSP72. Methods: Forty patients scheduled for aortocoronary bypass were randomly assigned to receive either cold or warm intermittent blood cardioplegia. In all patients HSP72 and HSP72 mRNA were assayed in biopsies from the right atrium at baseline, and during the reperfusion period. Plasma CK-MB and troponin-T, and myocardial oxygen extraction and lactate release were also measured. Results: In both groups, myocardial expression of HSP72 increased throughout the reperfusion period, but the values of HSP72 band lengths were significantly higher in the warm group. Correspondingly, HSP72 mRNA levels increased progressively in both groups, with significant difference between groups observed in biopsies at the reperfusion. Warm blood cardioplegia was associated with lower levels of CK-MB and troponin-T. Myocardial oxygen extraction and lactate release were higher during intermittent warm cardioplegia, indicating a more profound ischemic anaerobic metabolism in the warm group. Conclusions: Intermittent warm blood cardioplegia induces an increased expression of HSP72 and it is associated with a better myocardial protection, by a mechanism involving a variant of the classical ischemic preconditioning model. (C) 2003 The International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/127501
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