Objective: Endothelial dysfunction represents a critical early component of organ injury following cardiopulmonary bypass. Recent studies demonstrate that the treatment with atorvastatin is associated with a significant improvement of endothetial function independently of its efficacy on cholesterol levels. Therefore, we investigated the effects of preoperative atorvastatin treatment on endothelium function after coronary surgery. Methods: Forty patients undergoing coronary surgery were randomized to treatment with atorvastatin (20 mg/die; N = 20) or placebo (N = 20) 3 weeks before surgery. Twenty normal patients served as control group. The flow-mediated dilations (FMD) of the brachial artery after both reactive hyperemia (endothelium dependent) and nitroglycerin administration (endothelium independent) were evaluated at baseline, at 48 h, and 5 days postoperatively. Results: At baseline, the endothelium-dependent FMD was significantly attenuated in coronary versus normal patients (normal 10.3 +/- 1.8% vs coronary 4.1 +/- 1.6%, p, < 0.01). At 48 h postoperatively all patients exhibited a reduced FMD compared with baseline values: the endothelium-dependent dilatation showed a drop of 60.1 + 15% in the patients of the placebo group compared with 45.8 + 16.6% (p < 0.05) those in the atorvastatin group. At the univariate analysis, no significant correlation was found between serum levels of either total cholesterol or HDL cholesterol and FMD. The nitroglycerin-induced dilation was not significantly influenced by extracorporeal circulation as welt as by atorvastatin treatment. Conclusions: The endothelial dysfunction following cardiopulmonary bypass is improved by the treatment with atorvastatin, by a mechanism unrelated to the drug efficacy of controlling serum cholesterol levels. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. Alt rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Effects of atorvastatin on arterial endothelial function in coronary bypass surgery|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|