In this research, micellar enhanced ultrafiltration (MEUF) is tested as a seawater pre-treatment before entering RO. The experimental tests were performed by means of monotubular ceramic membranes of 210 kDa and 1 kDa. Boron is removed from the water flow using sodium dodecyl sulphate as a surfactant. The synthetic solutions contain 5 mg/L of boron and SDS concentrations are equal to 1.15 g/L and 2.88 g/L, under and above the critical micellar concentration, respectively. Experimental data showed that MUEF is efficient in removing boron, with best performances obtained at low pressure, with a low or null surfactant concentration for 1 kDa membrane and a high surfactant concentration for 210 kDa membrane. Moreover, experimental results have been used to perform a preliminary process analysis for a hypothetic sea-water desalination plant, with MEUF as a pretreatment for the RO section. The results showed that the MEUF guarantees a boron concentration after RO below the allowed threshold, by using a single step osmosis; moreover, in this way it was possible to reduce the energy consumption thus resulting in an appreciable reduction of carbon footprint as well as of the unit cost of water.
|Titolo:||Application of micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration in the pre-treatment of seawater for boron removal|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|