We discuss diffusion of particles in a spatially inhomogeneous medium. From the microscopic viewpoint we consider independent particles randomly evolving on a lattice. We show that the reversibility condition has a discrete geometric interpretation in terms of weights associated to un–oriented edges and vertices. We consider the hydrodynamic diffusive scaling that gives, as a macroscopic evolution equation, the Fokker–Planck equation corresponding to the evolution of the probability distribution of a reversible spatially inhomogeneous diffusion process. The geometric macroscopic counterpart of reversibility is encoded into a tensor metrics and a positive function. The Fick’s law with inhomogeneous diffusion matrix is obtained in the case when the spatial inhomogeneity is associated exclusively with the edge weights. We discuss also some related properties of the systems like a non–homogeneous Einstein relation and the possibility of uphill diffusion

Fick and Fokker–Planck diffusion law in inhomogeneous media

Matteo Colangeli;Davide Gabrielli
2019-01-01

Abstract

We discuss diffusion of particles in a spatially inhomogeneous medium. From the microscopic viewpoint we consider independent particles randomly evolving on a lattice. We show that the reversibility condition has a discrete geometric interpretation in terms of weights associated to un–oriented edges and vertices. We consider the hydrodynamic diffusive scaling that gives, as a macroscopic evolution equation, the Fokker–Planck equation corresponding to the evolution of the probability distribution of a reversible spatially inhomogeneous diffusion process. The geometric macroscopic counterpart of reversibility is encoded into a tensor metrics and a positive function. The Fick’s law with inhomogeneous diffusion matrix is obtained in the case when the spatial inhomogeneity is associated exclusively with the edge weights. We discuss also some related properties of the systems like a non–homogeneous Einstein relation and the possibility of uphill diffusion
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/128152
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