The Lamina Cribrosa is a part of the optic nerve head acting as a scaffold for collecting the retinal ganglion cell axons. It can be modeled as a poroelastic material where the saturated porosity stands for the capillary network running inside the collagen beams. Our aim is to study the interaction between tissue porosity, deformation, and hemodynamics. To this end we first focus on the derivation of a poroelastic model in a rather general case, using as a prototype a model of species diffusion in an elastic material. Then we outline the clinical significance of the mechanical behavior of the Lamina Cribrosa and show, through numerical simulations, how an increased intraocular pressure results in a deformation affecting porosity and blood perfusion. We emphasize how the model behavior relies on the free energy expression.

From species diffusion to poroelasticity and the modeling of lamina cribrosa

Amabile Tatone
;
2018

Abstract

The Lamina Cribrosa is a part of the optic nerve head acting as a scaffold for collecting the retinal ganglion cell axons. It can be modeled as a poroelastic material where the saturated porosity stands for the capillary network running inside the collagen beams. Our aim is to study the interaction between tissue porosity, deformation, and hemodynamics. To this end we first focus on the derivation of a poroelastic model in a rather general case, using as a prototype a model of species diffusion in an elastic material. Then we outline the clinical significance of the mechanical behavior of the Lamina Cribrosa and show, through numerical simulations, how an increased intraocular pressure results in a deformation affecting porosity and blood perfusion. We emphasize how the model behavior relies on the free energy expression.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/128787
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