Introduction: Gastric Carcinoid Tumors (GCT) are very rare in general population, but some studies evidenced a higher incidence among bariatric surgery patients. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) is a widely accepted procedure for the surgical treatment of morbid obesity. LSG acts both in reducing food intake and interfering with hormonal balance in the gut-brain axis. In these patients, incidental GCT diagnosis can occur both during pre-bariatric surgery investigation and during post-operative follow-up. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the database of obesity patients submitted to LSG in two different centers to find out incidence of GCT in patients treated by surgery from May 2013 to March 2018. Results: From the 560 obese consecutive patients underwent LSG, we recorded two cases of patients with GCT (0.36%): the case 1 was a patient who had a pre-operative diagnosis of GTC receiving a curative LSG which totally included the carcinoid in the resected portion; the case 2 was a patient that received a curative endoscopic resection 42 months after LSG. Discussion: the predisposing factors that can correlate GCT with obesity and LSG and in particular the hormonal changes have been discussed. We illustrated our experience about the management of these tumors in obese patients. Conclusion: there are neither certain data which evidence a correlation between obesity and GCT, nor data to support the hypothesis of a higher incidence of GCT after bariatric surgery. Based on our experience in obese patients the finding of GCT in the pre-operatory phase is not an absolute contraindication for bariatric surgery.

Which is the correlation between carcinoid tumor and Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy? A case series and literature review

Guadagni, Stefano;Clementi, Marco
2018-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Gastric Carcinoid Tumors (GCT) are very rare in general population, but some studies evidenced a higher incidence among bariatric surgery patients. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) is a widely accepted procedure for the surgical treatment of morbid obesity. LSG acts both in reducing food intake and interfering with hormonal balance in the gut-brain axis. In these patients, incidental GCT diagnosis can occur both during pre-bariatric surgery investigation and during post-operative follow-up. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the database of obesity patients submitted to LSG in two different centers to find out incidence of GCT in patients treated by surgery from May 2013 to March 2018. Results: From the 560 obese consecutive patients underwent LSG, we recorded two cases of patients with GCT (0.36%): the case 1 was a patient who had a pre-operative diagnosis of GTC receiving a curative LSG which totally included the carcinoid in the resected portion; the case 2 was a patient that received a curative endoscopic resection 42 months after LSG. Discussion: the predisposing factors that can correlate GCT with obesity and LSG and in particular the hormonal changes have been discussed. We illustrated our experience about the management of these tumors in obese patients. Conclusion: there are neither certain data which evidence a correlation between obesity and GCT, nor data to support the hypothesis of a higher incidence of GCT after bariatric surgery. Based on our experience in obese patients the finding of GCT in the pre-operatory phase is not an absolute contraindication for bariatric surgery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/129370
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